ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA 7th Draft 26/09/16

TELECOMMUNICATIONS BILL 2016

No. of 2016

Telecommunications Bill 2016

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TELECOMMUNICATIONS BILL 2016

ARRANGEMENT OF CLAUSES

PART I

PRELIMINARY

1. Short title and Commencement

2. Interpretation

3. Objects of the Act

PART II

NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS REGULATORY COMMISSION

4. Establishment of the National Telecommunications Regulatory Commission

5. Appointment of members of the Commission

6. Tenure of office and revocation of appointment

7. Resignation of member

8. Employment restriction

9. Executive Director and staff of the Commission

10. Authentication of seal and documents

11. Procedures and meetings

12. Service of notice on the Commission

13. Duties of the Executive Director

14. Protection of members of the Board and officers of the Commission

PART III

FUNCTIONS AND POWERS OF THE COMMISSION

15. Functions of the Commission

16. Powers of the Executive Director

17. State’s domain name (.ag)

18. Request for information

19. Exercise of functions of the Commission

20. Directions by the Minister

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PART IV

FUNDING AND FINANCES

21. Funds of the Commission

22. Application of the funds of the Commission

23. Bank accounts, business plans, auditing, annual reports

PART V

LICENCES

24. Requirement for a licence

25. Licence categories

26. Individual licence

27. Class licence

28. Application for a licence

29. Accuracy and publication of information provided by applicant

30. Special criteria for the issuance of a licence

31. Grounds for not granting a licence

32. Exemptions from licensing

33. Treatment of certain licensees and exclusions

34. Withdrawal of assigned frequency

35. Assignment of spectrum right

36. Validity and cancellation of a radio frequency licence

37. Cancellation, suspension and revocation of a licence

38. Transfer or assignment of a licence or interest

39. Amendment of a licence

40. Renewal of a license and a frequency authorisation

41. Special licence

42. Advance notification to the Commission

43. Notifications of contravention and enforcement

44. Register and updates of licences

45. Interconnection

46. Access to facilities

47. Creation of Universal Service Fund

48. Universal service

49. Designation of universal service provider

50. Financing Universal Service Fund

51. Directory and enquiry access

52. Specific measures for a differently-abled user

53. Quality of service

54. Universal service tariffs

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PART VI

LICENCES, SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT AND NUMBERING

55. Requirement for a frequency licence

56. Conditions of a frequency licence

57. Harmful interference and its elimination

58. Spectrum

59. Allocation of frequency bands

60. Exercise of functions

61. Monitoring

62. Suspension or termination of a frequency licence

63. Varying conditions of spectrum rights

64. Management of radio spectrum

65. Numbering and electronic address

66. Withdrawal and cancellation of numbers and electronic address

67. Number portability

PART VII

TERMINAL EQUIPMENT, STANDARDS AND ACCESS

68. Terminal equipment and type approval

69. Standards

70. Standards and certification of technicians

71. Installation and maintenance of equipment

PART VIII

ROAD WORKS AND ACCESS TO LAND

72. Road works

73. Access to Crown Lands

74. Access to land or facilities of other operators

75. Installation of network facilities on private land or buildings

76. Enforcement of access

77. Access to lands for inspection and maintenance

78. Damage to installation, repair and restoration

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PART IX

ECONOMIC REGULATION

79. Interpretation of terms used in this Part

80. Promotion of fair competition

81. Prohibition of unfair competition

82. Breaching fair competition rules

83. Restrictions on investments

84. Market and decision on dominant power

85. Report on declaring a dominant provider

86. Market power obligations

87. Obligations imposed on a dominant provider

88. Tariffs

89. Tariff control schemes for declared dominant provider

90. Conditions about apparatus supply

91. Filing of Standard Reference Interconnection Offer

92. International connectivity and traffic monitoring

93. Obligations and anti-competitive conduct and practice

94. Anti-competitive conduct or abuse of dominant position

95. Action against anti-competitive conduct or practice

PART X

PROTECTION OF PERSONAL INFORMATION

96.Interpretation of words used in this Part

97.Security of electronic communications services

98.Itemized billing and privacy

99. Prevention of calling line identification – Outgoing call

100. Prevention of calling line identification – Incoming call

101. Publication of information for calling line identification

102. Cooperating on calling and connected line identification

103. Tracing of a malicious or nuisance call

104. Emergency call

105. Termination of automatic call forwarding

106. Unsolicited goods, services or communications

107. Unsolicited call for direct marketing purposes

108. Use of automated calling systems

109. Use of facsimile machines for direct marketing purposes

110. Unsolicited electronic mail for direct marketing

111. Use of electronic mail for direct marketing purposes

112. Information for the purposes of direct marketing

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PART XI

CONSUMER PROTECTION

113. Principles

114. Consumer protection

115. Right to deposit or security

116. Amendments to terms of subscriber contracts

117. Dispute resolution

118. Itemized billing

119. Applicability of foreign law and non-exclusion

PART XII

NATIONAL INTEREST AND SECURITY

120. Interception

121. Privacy and data protection

122. Procedure to secure court order for interception

123. Rights of the State on issues of sovereignty

124. Supplying information to the Minister or Commission

125. Duty of operators in providing network security

126. Disaster plans

127. Emergency powers of the Commission

PART XIII

ADMINISTRATION AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION

128. Procedures for making decisions

129. Returns and documentation

130. Power to require information for enforcement purposes

131. Duties of an operator with regard to accounts and audit

132. Settlement of disputes

133. Mediation

134. Arbitration

PART XIV

INVESTIGATIONS AND PROCEDURES

135. Inspection

136. Investigation of complaints

137. Report on investigations

138. Access, search and seizure

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139. Directions to remedy breach

140. Appointment of inspectors

141. Powers of an inspector

142. Search warrant

143. Entry on premises

144. Seizure of equipment

145. Preservation order

146. Disclosure of preserved data

147. Order compelling the submission of data

148. Limited use of disclosed data and information

PART XV

OFFENCES

149. Offences and penalties for unlicensed persons

150. Interception and disclosure of communication

151. Interception of Government communication

152. Sending false distress signals

153. Fraudulent retention of messages

154. Protection of electronic communication installations

155. Harmful interference and unlawful access

156. Offences against personnel of the Commission

157. Refusing to produce information or unlawful destruction

158. Offence by body corporate

159. Giving false information

160. False communications

161. Damage to equipment

162. Recovery of civil debt

163. Confidentiality and disclosure of personal information

164. Penalties for anti-competitive practices

165. Unlawful assignment and transfers of licence

166. Unlawful obstruction and refusal to comply with order

167. Violating conflict of interest conditions

168. Compromising public safety

169. Operating without renewing a licence

170. Fines after suspension or revocation of licence

171. Failure to notify change of ownership

172. Failure to comply with tariff control scheme

173. Failure to provide a Reference Interconnection Offer

174. Failure to surrender radio communication licence

175. Signals threatening security of the State

176. Terminal equipment not in compliance

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177 General penalty

PART XVI

MISCELLANEOUS

178. Equality of treatment, access and service

179. Maximum interconnection rates

180. Certain restrictions on radio equipment

181. Appeals against decisions

182. Grounds of appeal

183. Decisions of the Court

184. Services provided from outside Antigua and Barbuda

185. Telecommunications during a state of public emergency

186. Confidentiality obligations

187. Preservation of confidentiality

188. Exemption from tax

189. Regulations

190. Regulations relating to networks and spectrum functions

191. Repeal and savings

192. Consequential amendments

SCHEDULE

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ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

TELECOMMUNICATIONS BILL 2016

No. of 2016

AN ACT to provide for the regulation of telecommunications in Antigua and Barbuda and for

incidental and related matters.

ENACTED by the Parliament of Antigua and Barbuda as follows:

PART I

PRELIMINARY

1. Short title and Commencement

(1)This Act may be cited as the Telecommunications Act 2016.

(2) The provisions of this Act shall come into force on such dates as the Minister may appoint

by order published in the Gazette and different dates may be appointed for different provisions and

different purposes.

2. Interpretation

(1) In this Act ―

“access”, with respect to a telecommunications network or telecommunications service,

includes ―

(a) making available network facilities and/or network services by an operator or service

provider to another operator or provider, under defined conditions, on either an

exclusive or non-exclusive basis, for the purpose of providing telecommunications

services; and

(b) the ability of an operator or a service provider to use the following facilities of an

operator or other service provider ―

(i) network elements and associated network facilities which may involve the

connection of equipment by fixed or non-fixed means such as access to the local

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loop and to network facilities and services necessary to provide services over the

local loop;

(ii) infrastructure;

(iii) relevant software systems including operational support systems;

(iv) number translation or systems offering equivalent functionality;

(v) fixed telephone networks and mobile telephone networks, in particular for

roaming; and

(vi) virtual network services;

“affiliate” means an affiliated body corporate within the meaning of the Companies Act;

“associated facility” means a facility which is available for ―

(a) use in association with the use of a telecommunications network or

telecommunications service; and

(b) the purpose of either making the provision of telecommunications network or

telecommunications service possible, or making possible the provision of other

services provided by means of that network or service, and or supporting the

provision of such other services;

“bill” includes an invoice, account statement or other document of similar character and

“billing” shall be construed accordingly;

“cable duct” means a protective structure used in constructing a public telecommunications

network for the purpose of accommodating telecommunications cables;

“call” means a connection established by means of a fixed public telecommunications

network available to the public allowing two-way communication in real time;

“class licence” means a licence granted under section 27;

“closed user group” means ―

(a) a group of persons who have a common business, or other common economic or

social interest, other than the provision of a telecommunications service; and

(b) in relation to a person, that person and the person’s employees, agents and officers;

“closed user group service” means a telecommunications service, used by a closed user group,

operated without interconnection to a public telecommunications network thereby enabling

telecommunications service only to a person who is member of the group;

“Commission” means the National Telecommunications Regulatory Commission established

under section 4;

“consumer” means a natural person who ―

(a) uses a telecommunications service for non-commercial purposes; and

(b) enters or intends to enter into an electronic transaction with a telecommunications

provider as the end user of the telecommunications services offered by that

telecommunications provider;

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“content” means any sound, text, still picture, moving picture or other audio-visual

representation, tactile representation or any combination thereof which is capable of being

created, manipulated, stored, retrieved or communicated electronically;

“Convention” means the Constitution, the Convention and Regulations of the International

Telecommunication Union adopted from time to time, to the extent ratified and in force in

Antigua and Barbuda;

“Court” means the High Court;

“dominant provider” means a telecommunication provider determined by the Commission to

be dominant in accordance with section 84(1)(d);

“domain name’’ means an alphanumeric designation that is registered or assigned in respect

of an electronic address or other resource on the Internet;

“domain name system” means a system to translate a domain name into an Internet Protocol

(IP) number identifying the point of connection of a computer or other device to the IP

address or other information;

“e-government services” means any public service provided by electronic means by a public

body;

“electronic communication” includes any transfer of records by means of signs, signals,

writing, images, sounds, data or data message, or intelligence of any nature transmitted in

whole or in part by a wire, radio, electromagnetic, photo electronic or photo optical system

that affects the provision of electronic communications services at the national, regional or

international level, but does not include ―

(a) any oral communication;

(b) any communication made through a tone-only paging device;

(c) any communication from a tracking device; or

(d) electronic funds transfer information stored by a financial institution in a

communications system used for the electronic storage and transfer of funds;

“electronic communications equipment” include equipment, other than consumer terminal

equipment, used or capable of being used to provide telecommunications services, and any

software integral to such equipment;

“electronic communications network” means transmission systems and, where applicable,

switching or routing equipment and other resources which permit the conveyance of signals

by wire, by radio, by optical fiber or by other electromagnetic means, including satellite

networks, fixed (circuit- and packet-switched, including Internet) and mobile networks,

electricity cable systems, to the extent that they are used for the purpose of transmitting

signals, irrespective of the type of information conveyed;

“electronic communications service” include a public service which consists wholly or mainly

in the conveyance of signals on electronic communications networks, and

telecommunications services and transmission services in networks used, but does not include

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services providing, or exercising editorial control over content transmitted using electronic

communications networks and services or broadcasting services;

“electronic mail” means any text, voice, sound or image message sent over a public electronic

communications network which can be stored in the network or in the recipient’s terminal

equipment until it is collected by the recipient, and messages sent using a short message

service;

“end-user” includes a person who owns a terminal equipment for the purpose of receiving

services from an telecommunications network;

“Executive Director” means the Chief Executive Officer of the Commission appointed by the

Board in accordance with section 9;

“facility” includes ―

(a) a physical component of a telecommunications network, including wires, lines,

terrestrial and submarine cables, wave guides, optics or other equipment or an object

connected therewith, used for the purpose of telecommunications, but does not

include terminal equipment; and

(b) any post, pole, tower, standard, bracket, stay, strut, insulator, pipe, conduit, or similar

thing used for carrying, suspending, supporting or protecting the structure;

“fixed telephone network” means a telecommunications network in which the terminal

equipment is connected to the telecommunications network from a fixed location;

“frequency licence” means a licence granted under section 55 to use radio frequencies in

connection with the operation of an electronic communication network or other provision of

an electronic communication series under licence or otherwise;

“frequency band” means a continuous frequency range of spectrum;

“General Code” refers to the directives and guidelines issued by the Commission for the

proper regulation of the telecommunications network and telecommunications services of a

telecommunication provider in the provision of telecommunications services to a consumer;

“harmful interference” means interference which endangers the functioning of

telecommunications by impeding, degrading, obstructing or repeatedly interrupting a lawful

telecommunications service or a radio communication service;

“ICT” or “Information Communication Technologies” means technologies that provide access

to information through telecommunications, such as, the Internet, wireless networks, cellular

phones and other electronic communications media;

“IEEE” means Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers;

“infrastructure” includes pipes, ducts, tunnels, aerials, masts and pylons as well as all other

structures fixed to the ground or attached to buildings for the purpose of providing electronic

communication network services;

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“International Connectivity Agreement” means an agreement entered into between a public

telecommunications service provider in Antigua & Barbuda and a telecommunications service

provider in another country for the purpose of Interconnection and or the exchange of

telecommunications traffic or services;

“interface” means a network termination point, which is a physical connection point at which

a user is provided with access to a public telecommunications network;

“intercept” in relation to a communication includes —

(a) aural or other acquisition of the contents of a communication through the use of any

means, including an interception device, so as to make some or all of the contents of

a communication available to a person other than the sender or recipient or intended

recipient of that communication;

(b) monitoring the communication by means of a monitoring device;

(c) viewing, examining, storing, decrypting, reading, recording or inspecting the

contents of the communication by any means, in its passage over a

telecommunications network;

(d) diverting the communication from its intended destination to any other destination;

and

(e) carrying out any other type of surveillance over voice and communications data,

with or without the knowledge of the user, sender, recipient or intended recipient of that

communication, and “interception” shall be construed accordingly;

“interception device” includes any electronic, mechanical or other instrument, device,

equipment or apparatus which is used or can be used, whether by itself or in combination with

any other instrument, device, equipment or apparatus to intercept any communication but

does not include any instrument, device, equipment or apparatus, or any component thereof

(a) furnished to a user by a service provider in the ordinary course of business and being

used by the user in the ordinary course of business;

(b) furnished by a customer for connection to the facilities of a telecommunications

service and being used by the user in the ordinary course of business; or

(c) being used by an operator or a service provider in the ordinary course of business;

“interconnection” means the linking of public telecommunications networks and public

telecommunications services to allow the user of one service provider to communicate with

the users of another service provider, and to access the services provided by that other service

provider;

“Internet” means a computer network consisting of a worldwide network of computer

networks that use Transmission Control Protocol or Internet Protocol TCP/IP to facilitate data

transmission and exchange;

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“interoperability” means the ability of an equipment to function with its telecommunications

network, and with other terminal equipment that can be used to access the same

telecommunications service;

“Internet Protocol address” or “IP address” is a numerical label assigned to each device

participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication;

“ISO” means International Standards Organisation;

“ITU” means International Telecommunications Union;

“leased line” means a dedicated, fixed-bandwidth, symmetric data connection or

telecommunications line that is made available by a service provider or licensee to a user for

his exclusive use in exchange for rent on a periodic basis;

“licence” means any category of licence issued under section 25;

“location data” means any data processed in an electronic communications network

indicating the geographical position of the terminal equipment of a user of a public electronic

communications service, including data relating to the latitude, longitude or altitude of the

terminal equipment, the direction of travel of the user, or the time that the location

information was recorded;

“local loop” means the facility which connects the customer’s terminal equipment to the first

switching or routing point in a telecommunications service provider’s network;

“Minister” means the Minister with responsibility for telecommunications;

“mobile telephone network” means a telecommunications network primarily used for

telecommunications in which the terminal equipment is connected to the public

telecommunications network by means of freely propagating radio waves;

“National Numbering and Electronic Address Plan” refers to rules and guidelines established

by the Commission for the assignment and use of numbers and addresses for the delivery of

telecommunications services over public telecommunications networks;

“network facilities” means any element or combination of elements of physical infrastructure

used principally for, or in connection with, the provision of network services, but does not

include customer equipment;

“network termination point” means the point designated by a service provider for connection

of terminal equipment by a user to a public telecommunications network;

“number” means a series of digits indicating an electronic communication network

termination point, comprising the information necessary in order to route a call or message to

that termination point and it includes short numbers, service numbers, identification codes and

prefixes determined in the numbering plan;

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“number portability” means the ability of a user of telecommunications services to retain their

existing telecommunications numbers, without impairment of quality, reliability, or

convenience when changing from one service provider to another service provider;

“operator” means a person licensed or authorised under this Act to operate a public

telecommunications network or an associated facility;

“ONDCP” refers to the Office of National Drug and Money Laundering Control Policy

established by the Office of National Drug and Money Laundering Control Policy Act;

“private telecommunications service” means a telecommunications service used within one

enterprise or its affiliates, to satisfy its or their internal needs and operated without any

interconnection to a public telecommunications network;

“program” means a set of instructions, expressed in words, codes, schemes or any other form,

which is capable, when incorporated in a machine readable medium, of causing a computer to

perform or achieve a particular task or result;

“public body” includes ―

(a) the Barbuda Council;

(b) a corporation established by an Act of Parliament for public purposes and any

affiliate registered under the Companies Act; and

(c) a commission, authority, committee or other body, whether paid or unpaid, and

whether or not established by or under any law to perform a public function on

behalf of the Government;

“public ground” includes any open or enclosed space to which the public has or is permitted

to have access;

“public network” means a public fixed telephone network and a public mobile telephone

network;

“public telecommunications service” means a telecommunications service, including a public

telephone service, offered to members of the general public, , but does not include a value-

added service;

“public utilities” has the meaning assigned to it in the Public Utilities Act Cap. 359;

“radio-communication” means any emission, transmission or reception of radio waves

specifically for telecommunications purposes;

“radio-communication service” means a service performed or intended to be performed or

facilities provided or intended to be provided involving the transmission, emission or

reception of electromagnetic waves for telecommunications purposes;

“re-farming” is the process of making free certain radio frequency range for reallocation to

other radio communication services for the purpose of the economic development of the State;

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“Radio Spectrum and Frequency Plan” means a top-level plan based on the ITU Radio

Regulations table of frequency allocations which indicates how the radio frequency spectrum

is divided into bands that can be used by defined services;

“Reference Interconnection Offer” means an offer document setting out matters relating to the

price and terms and conditions under which an operator will permit interconnection to its

network;

“registrant” means an applicant for or holder of a domain name;

“registrar” means an entity which is licensed by the Commission to update a repository;

“registry” means an entity licensed by the Commission to manage and administer a specific

sub-domain;

“regulations” means regulations made under this Act.

“repository” means the primary register of the information maintained by a registry;

“road works” means any activity that involves breaking open a road or public ground, or that

removes, alters or affects any public utility installation;

“roaming” means the ability of a mobile network subscriber to benefit from mobile network

access rights and or extending of the wireless telecommunication connectivity service

provided by one network operator to another network operator in a geographical area outside

the coverage area of the home network by means of using a visited network;

“second level domain” means the sub-domain immediately following the top level domain or

TLD;

“service provider” means a person who is a holder of a licence granted under this Act to

provide a specified public telecommunications service;

“significant interest,” in respect of a company, means a holding or interest in the company or

in any holding company of the company held or owned by a person, either alone or with any

other person and whether legally or equitably, that entitles or enables the person, directly or

indirectly ─

(a) to control 25 per cent or more of the voting rights of that company at a general

meeting of the company;

(b) to a share of 25 per cent or more in dividends declared and paid by the company; or

(c) to a share of 25 per cent or more in any distribution of the surplus assets of the

company;

“special licence” means a special licence granted by the Minister under section 41;

“spectrum” means the continuous range of electromagnetic wave frequencies used for

telecommunications;

“sub-domain” means any subdivision of the .ag domain name space which begins at the

second level domain;

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“subscriber” means a person that is a party to a contract with the provider of a publicly

available electronic communications service for the supply of such service.

“subscriber information” means any information held by a service provider relating to a

subscriber, other than traffic data or other data, and contained in the form of computer data or

any other form, that can establish ―

(a) the type of the communication service used, the technical provisions taken to use the

communication service and the period of the service;

(b) the subscriber’s identity, postal or geographical address, telephone and other access

number, billing and payment information, available on the basis of a service

agreement or arrangement; or

(c) any other information on the site of installation of a communication equipment

available on the basis of a service agreement or arrangement;

“TCP/IP” or “Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol” refers to the protocols for

communication between computers, used as a standard for transmitting data over networks

and as the basis for standard Internet Protocols;

“telecommunications” includes the transmission, emission or reception of signals, writing,

pulses, images, sounds or other intelligence of any kind by wire, wireless, optical or

electromagnetic spectrum or by way of any other technology;

“telecommunications network” means a wire, radio, optical or electromagnetic transmission,

emission or receiving system, or a part of such system, used for the provision of a

telecommunications service;

“telecommunications service” includes a service which provides telecommunications, a

closed group service, a private telecommunications service, a public telecommunications

service, a radio communications service and a value added service;

“telecommunications provider” means an operator or a service provider;

“terminal equipment” means equipment, product or relevant component of a product on the

user’s side of the network termination point that is connected or intended to be connected by

any means whatsoever directly or indirectly to the interfaces of public networks either by

wire, radio, optical or electromagnetic means and with which a user can originate, process or

terminate telecommunications;

“third party”, in relation to a service provider, means a subscriber to the service provider’s

services or any other user of the service provider’s services or a user of information systems;

“TLD” or “Top-Level Domain” refers to the last part of the domain name;

“traffic data” means any data processed for the purpose of the conveyance of a

communication on an electronic communications network relating to the routing, duration or

time of a communication;

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“universal service” means the provision of telecommunications services throughout Antigua

and Barbuda, taking into account the needs of the public, affordability of the service and

advances in technologies;

“user” includes a customer or a subscriber and a customer who is an operator and/or a service

provider using or requesting a public telecommunications service for private or business

purposes;

“utility installation” means any facility put in or over a road or public ground;

“utility suppliers” means electronic communications services suppliers within Antigua and

Barbuda; and

“value added service” means a service that combines applications provided to users with

telecommunications and which does not effectively compete with a public telecommunication

service.

(2) Terms and words relating to telecommunications used in this Act but not defined in this

section bear the meaning assigned to them in the Convention.

3. Objects of the Act

(1) The objects of this Act are to develop and advance the telecommunications sector of

Antigua and Barbuda, by establishing conditions for ─

(a) an effective and efficient regulatory framework for telecommunications networks

and telecommunications services;

(b) the facilitation of the orderly development of a telecommunications system that

serves to safeguard, enrich and strengthen the national, social, cultural and economic

well-being of the society;

(c) an open market for telecommunications services, including conditions for

encouraging and enabling fair competition in the telecommunications sector, through

effective regulation;

(d) promoting universal access to telecommunications services for all persons in Antigua

and Barbuda, to the extent that is reasonably practicable to provide such access;

(e) promoting and protecting the interests of the public by —

(i) promoting access to telecommunications services;

(ii) ensuring that services are provided to persons able to meet the financial and

technical obligations in relation to those services;

(iii) providing for the protection of customers, purchasers and other users of

telecommunications services;

(iv) promoting the long term interests of a purchaser and other users including, in

particular, a person who is differently-abled or the elderly, in respect of the

quality and variety of telecommunications services and equipment provided;

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(f) promoting the telecommunications sector by encouraging economically efficient

investment in, and the use of infrastructure to provide telecommunications services;

(g) the provision and expansion of a variety of modern and innovative

telecommunications networks and telecommunications services;

(h) ensuring information security and network reliability and integrity through

competition and technological advancement;

(i) promoting and advancing the participation of the private sector in the development

of the telecommunications sector; and

(j) promoting a high level of public confidence in the delivery of telecommunications

services and ensuring the equitable provision of affordable services through the

telecommunications network and infrastructure in Antigua and Barbuda.

(2) The objects referred to in subsection (1) shall be facilitated in a manner consistent with

the preservation of the public interest and Antigua and Barbuda’s international treaty obligations.

PART II

NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS REGULATORY COMMISSION

4. Establishment of the National Telecommunications Regulatory Commission

(1)There is hereby established a body corporate to be known as the National

Telecommunications Regulatory Commission, with perpetual succession and a common seal and

with power to acquire, hold and dispose of land and other property, to enter into contracts, to sue

and be sued in its corporate name and do all things necessary for the purpose of its functions.

(2) The Commission shall be governed by a Board which is responsible for the policy and

general administration of the affairs and business of the Commission.

(3)The Board may by resolution appoint one of its officers or another agent either generally or

in a particular case to execute or sign on behalf of the Commission any agreement or other

instrument not under the seal of the Commission in relation to matters coming within the powers

of the Commission.

5. Appointment of members of the Commission

(1) The Board shall consist of seven (7) members, including a Chairperson, to be appointed by

the Minister with the approval of the Cabinet on such terms and conditions as the Cabinet may

determine, from amongst persons who possess-

(a) qualifications relating to, and knowledge and experience in telecommunications,

information technology, finance and accounting, law, economics or administration;

or

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(b) knowledge and experience of, and demonstrated expertise in matters relevant to the

functioning of the Commission.

(2) A person shall be disqualified from being a member of the Board, or is not eligible to be

appointed as a member, or having been appointed, is not eligible to continue as a member if the

person-

(a) holds or is beneficially interested in more than 5% of any stock, share, bond,

debenture or other security of, or other interest in, a licensee;

(b) has a pecuniary or other material interest in a device, appliance, machine, article,

patent or patented process which is required or used by a licensee;

(c) is a director, officer, employee, agent or a person providing a service or supplying

goods to a licensee under a contract;

(d) has filed for bankruptcy in a court or is declared by a court to be a bankrupt;

(e) is declared by a court to be physically or mentally incapacitated by reason of

unsoundness of mind;

(f) has been convicted of a criminal offence except where the offence-

(i) is a minor traffic offence;

(ii) is a spent in accordance with the Criminal Records (Rehabilitation of Offenders)

Act.

(g) is a member of Parliament.

(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2)(b), a person shall not be held to have a pecuniary or other

material interest in a licensee in respect of which the Commission performs regulatory functions

by reason only of the fact that he or she is a customer of a licensee in respect of which the

Commission performs regulatory functions.

(4) In determining whether a person is eligible for appointment as a member of the Board, the

Minister shall have regard to all matters that the Minister considers relevant to the appointment

including-

(a) that person’s probity, competence and soundness of judgment for fulfilling the

responsibilities of a member; and

(b) the diligence with which that person is likely to fulfil the responsibilities of a member.

(5) A decision of the Board taken at a meeting is not invalidated merely because a disqualified

person votes at the meeting as long the number of members present exceeds the quorum.

(6) If the Chairperson is absent or unable to perform his functions, the Board may appoint one

of the remaining members to act as the Chairperson.

6. Tenure of office and revocation of appointment

(1) A member of the Board shall hold office for a period of not more than 3 years and upon

the expiration of such period, is eligible for re-appointment.

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(2) The Minister may, with the approval of Cabinet revoke the appointment of a member

before the expiration of his tenure for justifiable cause including an undeclared conflict of interest,

bankruptcy, criminal conviction and mental or physical illness which renders such a member

unable to perform his functions, or loss of confidence as an advisor to the Minister.

(3) The Minister shall publish in the Gazette a notice of any change in the membership of the

Board.

(4) The Cabinet shall determine the remuneration of the members of the Board.

7. Resignation of member

(1) A member other than the Chairperson may resign from office by notice in writing

addressed to the Minister and transmitted through the Chairperson and the date of receipt by the

Minister of the notice is the date on which the member ceases to be a member of the Board.

(2) The Chairperson may resign his office by notice in writing addressed to the Minister and

the resignation takes effect on the date of receipt of the notice by the Minister.

8. Employment restriction

A member of the Board shall not, while a member of the Board or for 12 months after ceasing to

be a member, work for an entity associated with telecommunications in Antigua and Barbuda.

9. Executive Director and Staff of the Commission

(1) The daily affairs of the Commission shall be managed by an Executive Director, who shall

be appointed by the Minister on the recommendation of the Board on terms and conditions to be

determined by the Board and approved by the Cabinet.

(2) The Executive Director shall be a person with considerable knowledge and experience in

telecommunications, commerce, finance, law or administration.

(3) The Executive Director shall hold office for a period of 3 years and shall be eligible for re-

appointment for a second term.

(4) The Minister may, on the recommendation of the Board, and with the approval of Cabinet

terminate the services of the Executive Director before the expiration of the period of 3 years for

justifiable cause.

(5) The Executive Director shall not, while holding the Office of Executive Director or for

12months after ceasing to hold office of Executive Director, work for an entity associated with

telecommunications in Antigua and Barbuda.

(6) The Commission may employ staff, on the terms and conditions approved by the Board, to

assist in the performance of the functions of the Commission, including technical staff

knowledgeable in telecommunications, administrative staff and technical consultants as required.

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(7) If the Executive Director or any other person employed by the Commission, was in the

service of the Government immediately before the commencement of this Act that person shall –

(a) subject to paragraph (b), be considered as continuing in the service of the government, but

seconded to the Commission on such terms and conditions as may be approved by the Minister

and the Chairperson of the Board after consultation with that employee;

(b) if his or her employment was under a contract for services, he or she may be employed by

the Commission on such terms and conditions as may be approved by the Minister and the

Chairperson of the Board after consultation with that person.

10. Authentication of seal and documents

(1) The seal of the Commission shall be authenticated by the signature of the Chairperson, the

Executive Director, or any member of the Board authorised by the Board to act.

(2) Any document, other than those required by law to be under seal, or decision of the Board

may be signified under the hand of the Chairperson or a member authorised by the Board.

11. Procedures and meetings

(1) The Board shall meet at such times as may be necessary or expedient for the transaction of

business, but shall meet at least once every month and the meetings shall be held at a place and

time as the Board may determine.

(2) The Chairperson may at any time call a special meeting by written request of the Board

and such meeting shall be held within 7 days of the written request.

(3) The Chairperson shall preside at all meetings of the Board and in the absence of the

Chairperson, the Board shall appoint one of its members to preside.

(4) The quorum of the Board shall be four (4) members and decisions of the Board shall be

taken by a simple majority of votes of the members present and voting at the meeting.

(5) Decisions of the Board shall be kept in minutes in proper form for each meeting and shall

be confirmed by the Board as soon as practicable at a subsequent meeting, and any decision which

affects the public shall be published by the Commission on its website and in the official Gazette.

(6) The Board may co-opt any person to attend particular meetings of the Board for the

purpose of assisting or advising but a co-opted person does not have the right to vote.

(7) If a member has a commercial, financial or other business interest in a matter before the

Board in which the member’s personal interest conflicts with his duties as a member, the member

shall, as soon as practicable after becoming aware of his interest in the matter, disclose the interest

to the Chairperson and shall not, participate in the deliberations or decisions of the Board with

respect to that matter.

(8) A member of the Board who –

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(a) fails to comply with subsection (7) and votes in respect of a matter before the Board

in which he or she is materially interested, whether directly or indirectly, or

(b) seeks to influence the vote of any other Board member in relation to a matter before

the Board in which he or she is materially interested,

is guilty of misconduct and his or her appointment shall be revoked with immediate effect.

(9) For the purposes of subsection (7) “commercial, financial or other business interest”

includes a situation where –

(a) a person or his nominee is a member of a company or other body which has a direct or

indirect pecuniary interest in the matter;

(b) a person is a partner, or in the employment of another person who has a direct or

indirect pecuniary interest in the matter;

(c) a person or a partner of the person is a professional advisor to another person who

has a direct or indirect pecuniary interest in the matter; or

(d) a spouse or co-habiting partner of the member who has a direct interest in the

matter or is a person within paragraphs (a) to (c).

(10) Subject to the provisions of this Act the Board may regulate its own procedure.

12. Service of notice on the Commission

The Commission shall at all times have a fixed address in Antigua and Barbuda for the service of

a notice, order or other document on the Commission and the address for such service shall be

published in the official Gazette.

13. Duties of the Executive Director

(1) The Executive Director shall serve as the Chief Executive Officer of the Commission and

subject to the other provisions of this Act and to the general direction of the Board, the Executive

Director shall be responsible for 

(a) implementing, monitoring and executing the decisions of the Board in accordance

with this Act the Regulations and any other law inforce in Antigua and Barbuda;

(b) ensuring the day to day management of the Commission;

(c) managing the funds and property of the Commission;

(d) initiating and processing any recruitment process of the Commission, subject to the

recruitment terms and conditions determined by the Commission;

(e) administering, organizing and supervising the staff of the Commission, through

performance appraisals;

(f) keeping the Board informed of the activities of the Commission;

(g) keeping a record of all the transactions of the Commission and preparing and

submitting the annual report of the activities of the Commission to the Board for

approval;

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(h) negotiating contracts, with the approval of the Board, for the purposes of the

Commission;

(i) elaborating and presenting to the Board for approval the annual budget report of the

Commission;

(j) attending all meetings of the Board and taking part in its deliberations, but shall have

no right to vote;

(k) undertaking any other duty as may be assigned or delegated by the Board or as stated

in the contract of employment;

(2) In the performance of his duties, the Executive Director is answerable to the Board.

14. Protection of members of the Board and officers of the Commission

(1) A member of the Board or an officer of the Commission or a person acting on the

direction of the Board or of an officer of the Commission may not be held liable for ―

(a) any damage caused during the execution of his duties; or

(b) any act or omission done or omitted to be done in good faith in the exercise of the

functions under this Act.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply where such damage is as result of fraud or gross negligence

committed by the member of the Board, officer of the Commission or person acting on the

direction of the Board or officer of the Commission.

(3) Any sums of money, damages or costs recovered against the Commission for anything

done, omitted or permitted in good faith in the course of the operations of the Commission shall be

paid out of such amounts as may be appropriated by Parliament.

PART III

FUNCTIONS AND POWERS OF THE COMMISSION

15. Functions of the Commission

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Commission shall exercise such functions as are

conferred on it by or under this Act and in particular, shall ―

(a) ensure the orderly and systematic development of telecommunications throughout

Antigua and Barbuda;

(b) classify telecommunications networks and services as public telecommunications

networks, public telecommunications services, closed user group services, private

telecommunications services, value added services or any other type of

telecommunications service;

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(c) make recommendations to the Minister regarding the granting of licences and

monitoring and ensuring compliance with the conditions set out in the licences;

(d) plan, supervise, regulate and manage the use of the radio frequency spectrum,

including —

(i) the licensing and registration of radio frequencies and call signs to be used by all

stations operating in Antigua and Barbuda or on any vessel, aircraft, or other

satellite registered in Antigua and Barbuda;

(ii) the allocation, assignment and reallocation or reassignment of frequency bands

where necessary;

(e) consult with the Bureau of Standards on the setting of telecommunications standards

and measures to ensure compliance;

(f) certify and type-approve telecommunications equipment through testing for

promoting and safeguarding the interests of a consumer and an operator and

maintaining compliance with international standards and environmental health and

safety standards, including electromagnetic radiation and emissions;

(g) advise the Minister on technical standards and policies governing the

telecommunications industry and issues arising at international, regional and national

levels;

(h) advise the Minister with respect to which telecommunications services should be

universal services and monitor the funding mechanisms for those services;

(i) conduct, or authorise any person to conduct, technical evaluations relating to

telecommunications networks and telecommunications services;

(j) coordinate and collaborate with the relevant national, regional and international

organizations in matters relating to telecommunications;

(k) promote competition, including the protection of operators from acts and practices of

other operators that are damaging to competition, and to facilitate the entry into

markets of new and modern systems and services;

(l) monitor telecommunications and telecommunications service providers to advise the

Minister of acts that might tend to lessen competition;

(m) regulate value added services provided by telecommunications operators;

(n) regulate rates and charges for telecommunications services with a view to protecting

a consumer from excessive tariffs and to prevent unfair competitive practices;

(o) regulate interconnection and access systems between operators and users of

telecommunications services;

(p) collect all fees, including licence fees, and any other charges levied under this Act;

(q) establish, amend, administer and enforce a national numbering plan and electronic

addresses plan, administer, manage, assign numbers and electronic addresses

including domain names;

(r) establish a consumer complaints committee to collect, decide on and report on

consumer complaints, such report to be included in the Commission’s annual report;

(s) promote research into the development and use of new telecommunications

techniques and technologies, including those which promote accessibility of

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differently-abled persons and other members of society to telecommunications

services;

(t) collaborate with educational institutions in order to promote specialised education in

the field of telecommunications;

(u) monitor or cause the passive monitoring of traffic coming into Antigua and Barbuda

for active monitoring of quality of service of operators and revenue assurance for the

Government;

(v) carry out, on its own initiative or at the request of any person, investigations in

relation to the conduct of a person to enable it to determine whether and to what

extent any person is engaging in conduct in contravention of this Act;

(w) cause the investigation of a complaint to be carried out on its own initiative or at the

request of users, operators of telecommunications networks, providers of

telecommunications services or other persons arising out of the operation of a public

telecommunications network, or the provision of a telecommunications service in

respect of rates, billings and services provided generally and to facilitate relief where

necessary; and

(x) carry out such other functions imposed by or under this Act and do anything

incidental or conducive to the performance of any of its functions.

(2) In the performance of its functions under subsection (1)(b), the Commission shall require

that all persons operating or intending to operate any of the services listed in subsection (1)(b)

notify the Commission accordingly and the Executive Director shall establish a Register of all

such persons and services.

(3) In the performance of its functions, the Commission shall have regard to the interests of a

consumer and in particular—

(a) to the quality and reliability of the service provided at reasonable cost;

(b) to fair treatment of a consumer and service provider similarly situated;

(c) in respect of a consumer similarly placed, to non-discrimination in relation to access,

pricing and quality of service; and

(d) to the current national environmental policy.

(4) In the performance of its functions under subsection (1) (a), (e), (g) (h) and (w), and any

other provision of the Act as the Commission considers appropriate, the Commission shall adopt

procedures by which it will —

(a) afford interested parties and the public opportunities for consultation;

(b) permit affected persons and the public to make appropriate submissions to the

Commission.

16. Powers of the Commission

Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Commission shall in the performance of its functions

exercise such powers as are granted to it by this Act and shall ─

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(a) charge and collect fees associated with the provision of its services, as may be

prescribed;

(b) convey, assign, surrender and mortgage, demise, re-assign, transfer or otherwise

dispose of, or deal with any real or personal property vested in the Commission, on

such terms as the Commission considers fit;

(c) accept surrenders, assignments, transfers, or exchange any property and enter into

contracts;

(d) with the permission of the Minister, acquire, purchase, take and hold real and

personal property of every description;

(e) delegate any of its functions for the efficient operation or implementation of the Act

except the power to delegate such functions;

(f) do such things as may in its opinion be conducive to the proper exercise of its

functions under this Act.

17. State’s domain name (.ag)

(1) The Commission shall —

(a) determine ―

(i) the administration and management of the .ag domain name space;

(ii) pricing policy for domain names;

(iii) the terms of the domain name registration agreement which registries and

registrars must adopt and use in registering domain names, including related

issues in respect of privacy, consumer protection and alternative dispute

resolution;

(iv) the creation of new sub-domains consistent with the National Numbering and

Electronic Address Plan;

(b) establish ―

(i) the requirements which registries and registrars must meet in order to be

licensed, including objective standards relating to operational accuracy, stability,

robustness and efficiency;

(ii) the circumstances and manner in which registrations may be assigned,

registered, renewed, refused, or revoked by the registries with due regard to the

express recognition of the rights of groups and members of groups within the

State to identify with, use or communicate cultural, linguistic, geographical,

indigenous or any other expressions of heritage including any visual or aural

elements or attributes thereof;

(iii) provisions for the restoration of a domain name registration and penalties for

late payments;

(iv) processes and procedures to avoid unfair and anti competitive practices,

including bias to, or preferential treatment of actual or prospective registrants,

registries or registrars, protocols or products;

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(v) procedures for ensuring the monitoring of regular .ag domain name space

technical audits;

(c) ensure compliance with international best practice in the administration of the .ag

domain name space;

(d) make recommendations to the Minister in relation to policy, on any matter relating to

the . ag domain name space;

(e) conduct research into and keep abreast of developments in the State and elsewhere

on the domain name system;

(f) regularly survey and evaluate the extent to which the .ag domain name space meets

the needs of the citizens of the State;

(g) issue information on the registration of domain names in the State;

(h) be responsible for the administration of such other matters relating to the .ag domain

name space as may be necessary to achieve the objectives of this Act.

(2) The Minister on the recommendation of the Commission may, grant licences authorising

persons to administer a sub-domain in the Country Code Top-Level Domain.

(3) An application for a licence to operate a subdomain in the country code Top-Level

Domain must be in the prescribed form and the licence may be granted subject to such conditions

as the Minister deems necessary.

(4) In exercising the powers under this section, the Minister shall not disclose to third parties

any confidential information that he or it has obtained.

18. Request for information

(1) The Commission may ―

(a) order any licensee to provide it with information about its licensed activities and this

information may relate to ―

(i) the disclosure of financial, technical, scientific, marketing, or commercial

information;

(ii) legal cases and product information; and

(iii) information which is in the possession of any licensee, which is easily accessible

by that licensee;

(b) order the licensee to provide the information within a reasonable time; and

(c) issue an enforcement notice to a licensee that refuses to provide the information

without reasonable excuse.

(2) A Licensee that fails to provide information ordered pursuant to subsection (1) commits a

summary offence and is liable to a fine of $20,000 and in the case of a continuing offence to a

further fine of $5000 for each day on which the offence is continued after conviction.

(3) A licensee that provides false or misleading information in response to an order made by

the Commission commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $50,000.00

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19. Exercise of functions of the Commission

The Commission shall, in the performance of its functions and exercise of its powers, act in an

objective, transparent and non-discriminatory manner.

20. Directions by the Minister

(1) Subject to this Act, the Minister may give to the Commission directions of a general

character as to the policy to be followed in the exercise and performance of its functions in

relation to matters appearing to the Minister to concern the public interest, and the Commission

shall give effect to any such directions.

(2) The Minister may at any time request the Commission to provide him or her with

information concerning any matter relating to the functions of the Commission and the

Commission shall provide the Minister with the information requested within 14 days of the

request or within such other period as may be specified by the Minister.

(3) The Commission may from time to time provide the Minister with a report on any matter

investigated which, in its opinion, requires the special attention of the Minister.

(4) The Minister may at any time request the Commission to provide a report of its

performance.

PART IV

FUNDING AND FINANCES

21. Funds of the Commission

(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), the funds of the Commission shall consist of ─

(a) such amounts as may be appropriated by Parliament;

(b) special grants, loans, gifts or donations from Government and, with the approval of

the Minister and the Minister with responsibility for Finance, other sources as may

from time to time be provided for the financing of any special projects;

(c) fees collected in respect of licences issued under this Act;

(d) sums collected in respect of universal service obligations;

(e) money borrowed by the Commission;

(f) all fines imposed by or collected on behalf of the Commission;

(g) all sums from time to time received by or falling due to the Commission as fees or

payments for services rendered; and

(h) all other sums that may in any manner become lawfully payable to the Commission

in respect of any matter incidental to its functions.

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(2) The Commission shall not accept any special grants, loans, gifts or donations from a licensee

or any of its affiliates.

(3) The Commission shall not accept any special grants, loans, gifts or donations from an entity in

exchange for the Commission giving special consideration to that entity or to any other entity in

the form of waivers or concessions or an unfair advantage over other licensees.

22. Application of the funds of the Commission

(1) The funds of the Commission in any financial year shall, with the exception of those

sums referred to in Section 21(1)(d), be applied in defraying all the expenses of the Commission,

including ─

(a) the remuneration, fees and allowances of the Chairperson and other members of the

Board;

(b) the salaries, fees, allowances, advances, loans, gratuities, pensions and other payments to

the Executive Director, Secretary and other members of staff of the Commission;

(c) research and development projects, training and certification and other related matters;

(d) international obligations;

(e) liabilities incurred in connection with the performance of the functions or exercise of the

powers of the Board; and

(f) any other expenditure authorised by the Board for the discharge of the functions and

contractual obligations of the Commission.

(2) Funds arising in respect of section 21(1)(d) shall only be applied to facilitate the

provision of universal services in accordance with section 48.

23. Bank accounts, business plans, auditing, annual reports

(1) The provisions of the Finance and Administration Act, as it relates to statutory

corporations shall be applicable to the Commission as a statutory body, with respect to the

preparation of a business plan for each financial year, guarantees and loans made by the

Commission, the opening, maintenance and other business relevant to the accounts of the

Commission, the production of annual audited financial statements by the Commission and the

annual tabling of annual audited financial statements in the House of Representatives.

(2) The Executive Director shall keep and maintain a record of funds deposited into the

Universal Service Fund established under section 47 and shall table annual audited financial

statements relating to the Universal Service Fund in the House of Representatives.

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(3) The Executive Director shall declare to the Minister and Minister of Finance any surplus

funds that the Commission may have at the end of each financial year and any funds of the

Commission not immediately required for any purpose under this Act, may be invested ─

(a) on a fixed deposit account with a bank approved by the Board;

(b) in treasury bills and securities of the Government; or

(c) in any other manner determined by the Board with the approval of the Minister and

Minister of Finance.

(4) The financial year of the Commission shall be a period of 12 months beginning the 1st of

January in each year and ending the 31st day of December of the same calendar year, or such other

period of 12 months as may be prescribed.

PART V

LICENCES

24. Requirement for a licence

(1) Subject to this Act, a person shall not, without a licence granted under this Act—

(a) establish or operate an electronic communications network station;

(b) provide a telecommunications service;

(c) construct, maintain or operate a telecommunications network or apparatus;

(d) establish or use any radio station or provide radio communication services;

(e) sell, let, hire or otherwise dispose of any radio communications apparatus;

(f) manufacture, possess, install, connect or operate any radio communications

apparatus or interference-causing apparatus; or

(g) run an international cable, or provide another medium that can be used for the

transmission of telecommunications, whether for public or private use.

(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence.

25. Licence categories

(1) The following categories of licences may be granted by the Minister on the

recommendation of the Commission in respect of telecommunications services and

telecommunications networks ―

(a) an individual licence;

(b) a class licence; and

(c) a frequency licence.

(2) The Minister may, on the recommendation of the Commission, regroup the

telecommunications services and telecommunications networks that fall under each category of

licences referred to in subsection (1).

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26. Individual licence

(1) An individual licence may be granted to an applicant in respect of a service, the provision

of which has an enormous and significant economic and social impact and requires greater

regulatory obligations and may result in the provision of public networks and the use of scarce

resources, such as radio frequency spectrum, if granted.

(2) The Minister may on recommendation of the Commission, grant an individual licence to

(a) a provider of network facilities, that owns and controls infrastructure for

providing basic connectivity and bandwidth to support a variety of

applications;

(b) an operator; and

(c) a service provider of content.

27. Class licence

(1) A class licence may be granted to an applicant, with or without conditions, in respect

of a service the provision of which has a lesser social and economic impact than that required in

respect of an individual licence.

(2) The Minister may, on the recommendation of the Commission, grant a class licence

to a provider of an application service that ―

(a) authorises the resale of telecommunications capacity or services to the public; or

(b) procures services with particular functions from a provider of network services

including ─

(i) value added services;

(ii) voice services;

(iii) data services;

(iv) dedicated networks for private communications services;

(v) Internet access services;

(vi) IP telephony, and other transmission services; and

(vii) other similar services as may be prescribed.

(3) The conditions of a class licence may include ―

(a) the scope of the licensed networks or services;

(b) any applicable technical and operational standards or conditions;

(c) the location in which the authorised networks are to be operated;

(d) the location in which the authorised services are to be provided; and

(e) the duration of the class licence.

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28. Application for a licence

(1) A person who wishes to obtain a licence to conduct any activity referred to in section 24

shall apply to the Commission in the prescribed form and shall pay the prescribed fee.

(2) An application referred to in subsection (1) shall contain ―

(a) a declaration of intention to commence the business of building, or operating a

telecommunications network or providing telecommunications service or

application;

(b) the business name and registration particulars of the applicant;

(c) the names, addresses and contact numbers of the applicant;

(d) a certificate of good standing;

(e) information on the shareholding status of the applicant;

(f) a description of the telecommunications network, telecommunications services or

applications with roll out targets where applicable;

(g) the geographical area of activity;

(h) a description or plan concerning the telecommunications network;

(i) an estimation of the investments and their financing required for the activity;

(j) a business plan;

(k) the telecommunications network standards and technology to be used;

(l) the technical specifications of the equipment to be used within the

telecommunications network;

(m) a declaration of the commitment of the applicant to comply with the laws and

regulations governing the operations of the licence to which the application relates;

and

(n) any other information requested by the Commission from the applicant.

(3) On receipt of the application, the Executive Director shall examine the application

against applicable policies and the criteria as may be prescribed and shall, as soon as possible, but

in any case not later than 90 days after receipt of the application, make a recommendation to the

Minister for the grant or refusal the application for a licence.

(4) If the Minister refuses to grant the licence the Executive Director shall inform the

applicant of the reasons for the decision within 30 days of the refusal.

(5) On the granting of a licence the Commission shall cause to be published in the Gazette

and on its website a notice to that effect.

(6) The Commission, shall make available for public scrutiny at the Office of the

Commission, the terms and conditions of licences and may provide a copy of a licence to a

member of the public on request and payment of the prescribed fee.

(7) Where it appears to the Commission that the licence contains information prejudicial to

national security or other international obligations, the Commission shall withhold that

information from public scrutiny.

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(8) The Minister may conduct public hearings in respect of an application for a licence

granted under this Act or prior to the renewal of a licence under this Act.

(9) The Commission may require the operator of a closed user group to obtain a licence even

though the service is not a public telecommunications service, if the Commission determines that

it is in the public interest to do so.

29. Accuracy and publication of information provided by applicant

(1) An applicant that submits a written application under this Act shall be responsible for the

accuracy of the information provided in the application.

(2) The applicant shall inform the Commission of any changes to the information submitted

not later than 3 working days from the date of any change in the information.

(3) The Executive Director may publish on the Commission’s official website the names,

addresses and telephone numbers of licensees.

30. Special criteria for the issuance of a licence

(1) A licence may be granted for a maximum of 15 years if the Minister is satisfied that ―

(a) the applicant has sufficient and proven economic resources to meet the conditions of

the licence;

(b) the applicant will not contravene the provisions of this Act or any other law; and

(c) the activity of the applicant would not endanger national security or public safety.

(2) A licence to operate a public telecommunications network shall be granted if the

applicant, in addition to fulfilling the requirements referred to in subsection (1), has the ability and

professional skills needed with regard to the special nature of the operation.

(3) Where a licence referred to under this section is not granted to an applicant due to the

scarcity of special numbers or spectrum, it shall be granted to an applicant through a tendering

procedure as determined by the Minister which may include, but is not limited to, auctioning,

beauty contest or other competitive tendering method having regard to the objectives of this Act.

31. Grounds for not granting a licence

(1) The Minister may not grant a licence to an applicant ―

(a) in order to protect the national integrity and/or national security;

(b) if the frequency spectrum or numbering resources are limited;

(c) if the Minister is satisfied that the electronic telecommunications sector may be

adversely affected;

(d) if the applicant has failed to provide the information required and failed to meet

related obligations.

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(2) The Minister shall provide the applicant with written reasons for the refusal to grant a

licence, but is not bound to provide reasons, if the grounds of refusal to grant the licence to the

applicant will be prejudicial to national security.

32. Exemptions from licensing

(1) A licence is not required for telecommunications apparatus for use by the police and

other security forces of Antigua and Barbuda in the performance of their official functions.

(2) A person, other than the State security forces, providing a telecommunications service

that is exempted from obtaining a licence under this section shall notify the Executive Director

within one month of commencing operations.

33. Treatment of certain licensees and exclusions

(1) Where applicable and considered necessary by the Commission for reasons of market

requirements and or the availability of frequency spectrum, an announcement inviting the public to

acquire an available licence shall be made ─

(a) by stating the purpose and laying down the grounds for commencing a tendering for

the granting of any available licence; and

(b) by publication in a newspaper of the full details of the available licences and the

procedure for tendering for the award of the licences.

(2) The publication referred to in subsection (1)(b) shall include details relating to tender

fees, duration of the licence, the criteria for the award of the licence, initial and renewal and

regulatory fees, and other conditions which will be attached to the licence.

(3) A person taking part in the tender must be treated fairly and without discrimination.

(4) The licence conditions for radio transmitters involving considerable risk of causing

interference may stipulate that such transmitters shall not be used without the approval of the

Commission and the Commission shall issue details of any inspection procedure.

(5) During the validity of a radio communications licence, the Minister may, upon the

recommendation of the Commission, amend the conditions of the licence in accordance with

section 39(6) after giving due consideration to ─

(a) the procedures on consultation as provided under this Act;

(b) the frequency Regulations;

(c) international contractual obligations;

(d) alterations in the plans for the radio frequencies; and

(e) the prevention or removal of interference in radio communications.

(6) For the purposes of re-farming, the Commission shall provide at least 6 months notice of

its intention to make changes to the allocated use of the frequency or to withdraw the frequency

from public use.

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34. Withdrawal of assigned frequency

(1) The Commission may withdraw an assigned frequency from an Operator by giving written

notice to the Operator of such action where-

(a) it is necessary for reasons of national security; or

(b) the licensee has not used the frequency for a period of 12 months from the date of the

assignment of the frequency;

(2) Before the withdrawal of an assigned frequency under subsection (1), the Commission shall –

(a) give the licensee one month’s written notice of its intention to do so;

(b) specify in the notice the grounds for the withdrawal; and

(c) give the licensee an opportunity to-

(i) make representations; and

(ii) submit to the Commission, within a time specified, a written statement of any

objections to the withdrawal of the assigned frequency.

35. Assignment of spectrum right

(1) Subject to subsection (2), the Commission may, by notice in writing, exclude any person

from participating or limit any person’s participation in the assignment of any spectrum right ―

(a) for the purpose of developing the telecommunications industry and maintaining

effective competition between persons engaged in the provision of radio-

communication services; or

(b) in the public interest.

(2) Before excluding any person from participating, or limiting any person’s participation, in

the allocation of any spectrum right, the Commission shall give the affected person an opportunity

to be heard.

(3) A person that is aggrieved by the decision of the Commission under this section may

appeal to the Court.

36. Validity and cancellation of a radio frequency licence

(1) The validity of the radio frequency licence is dependent upon the validity of the parent or

main licence granted to the operator.

(2) Subject to this Act, the Minister may, on the recommendation of the Commission cancel

a radio frequency licence or part of a radio frequency licence if―

(a) the licensee, despite an order of the Commission, repeatedly violates the conditions

essential for non-interference in radio communications provided in the Regulations,

or fails to comply with any other obligation.

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(b) the licensee, deliberately or through carelessness, transmits a false distress signal or

disturbs or interferes with the safety of radio communication in some other way;

(c) a radio transmitter uses radio frequencies in an inappropriate way due to its technical

characteristics;

(d) a licence granted ceases to be valid or expires; or

(e) it conflicts with Antigua and Barbuda’s international treaty obligations.

37. Cancellation, suspension and revocation of a licence

(1) The Minister may, on the recommendation of the Commission, cancel, suspend or revoke

a licence in whole or in part, if the licensee ―

(a) has repeatedly violated the provisions of this Act, the regulations, any other law

relating to telecommunications, the terms and conditions of the licence, or any

guidelines or orders issued by the Commission;

(b) no longer has sufficient financial resources to meet its obligations in view of the

nature and extent of the operation;

(c) despite being requested to do so, fails to rectify its conduct or replenish its financial

resources to a sufficient level within 3 months of such request;

(d) loses effective control of the licence or ownership of the licence undergoes a change

without the approval of the Minister.

(2) Subject to subsection (4), a licensee shall notify the Commission of its intention to

change control of its business and obtain the approval of the Minister before such a change is

effected.

(3) If notice has been provided pursuant to subsection (2) –

(a) the Commission shall inform the Minister of the intended change;

(b) the Commission shall recommend to the Minister whether the licence should be

cancelled or suspended;

(c) The Minister shall within one month from the date of the notice inform the licensee

whether the licence has been cancelled or suspended.

(4) If the Minister fails to give a decision within the time prescribed in subsection (3)(c) the

licensee shall proceed with processing of the change of the control.

(5) The Minister shall, on the recommendation of the Commission, cancel or suspend or

revoke any licence if after the grant of the licence it is found that the licensee —

(a) fraudulently made a material misrepresentation when applying for the licence;

(b) is engaged in terrorist activities or in conduct punishable under the Treason Act.,

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38. Transfer or assignment of a licence or interest

(1) An operator shall not assign, or permit the use by another of its licence without the prior

written approval of the Minister.

(2) A person owning or holding a significant interest in a licensee shall not sell, transfer,

charge or otherwise dispose of the said interest or any part thereof without the prior written

approval of the Minister.

(3) An operator shall not cause, permit or acquiesce in a disposition of any shares and or

issue or allot any shares or cause, permit or acquiesce in any other reorganisation of its share

capital without the prior written approval of the Minister.

(4) An application for approval shall state the following ―

(a) the objective of the transfer of the licence or the shares;

(b) the details of the entity to which the transfer is to be effected;

(c) the date of the intended transfer;

(d) the special resolution of the Board of Directors of the licensed entity;

(5) The Commission shall process a request for approval under this section within 21

working days commencing from the date of receipt of the request.

(6) The Minister shall not grant approval if ―

(a) he has reason to believe that the person to whom the licence or share interest is

proposed to be sold, transferred or assigned would not have qualified for the grant of

a licence had he or she been the original applicant; or

(b) the transfer or assignment of the licence or share interest would be contrary to the

public interest.

39. Amendment of a licence

(1) Subject to this Act, the Minister may amend a licence on the written request of the

licensee; or on the recommendation of the Commission.

(2) If the Minister intends to amend a licence, he shall give the licensee advance notice in

writing, which, absent exigent circumstances, shall not be less than 90 days, of his intention,

specifying the reasons for the proposed amendment and the date by which the amendment is

intended to take effect.

(3) The Minister shall give the licensee the opportunity to ―

(a) submit to the Minister, within the notice period, a written statement of objections to

the amendment of the licence, which may include proposed alternatives to the

amendment; and

(b) make representations;

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(4) During the notice period referred to in sub-section (2), the licensee may continue to

operate until the determination of the matter and, if the licence would otherwise expire before the

matter is determined, the licence is renewed on the same terms until the matter is finally

determined.

(5) The Minister shall, before the end of the notice period referred to in sub-section (2)

amend the licence if he is satisfied, that an amendment is warranted.

(6) A licence may be amended for either of the following reasons-

(a) force majeure or the occurrence or happening of other events that impact on the

objective of the licence or its performance;

(b) national security considerations;

(c) the implementation of international obligations requires that it be amended; or

(d) the Minister is satisfied that an amendment is necessary to achieve the objectives of

this Act.

(7) Where a licence is amended pursuant to subsection (6) (a), the rights of the licensee to

compensation shall not be prejudiced.

(8) This section does not preclude the Minister in his discretion, or on the recommendation

of the Commission, from amending a licence where there is a risk to national security.

40. Renewal of a licence and a frequency authorisation

(1) The Minister shall, on the recommendation of the Commission, automatically renew a

license or a frequency authorisation for a period equivalent to the period granted in the first license

or frequency authorisation.

(2) Subject to subsection (5), if the Minister does not intend to renew a license or frequency

authorisation, he shall, except in the absence of exigent circumstances, serve written notice on the

licensee or frequency authorisation holder not be less than 180 days before the expiration of the

license.

(3) A notice served under subsection (2) shall –

(a) specify the reasons for the proposed non-renewal; and

(b) give the licensee or the frequency authorisation holder the opportunity to –

(i) make representations; and

(ii) submit to the Minister, through the Commission, within the notice period, a written

statement of objections to the decision not to renew the license or frequency

authorisation.

(4) The Minister shall not renew the license or frequency authorisation, if, after considering

all relevant information before the end of the notice period, he is satisfied that-

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(a) the licensee or frequency authorisation holder failed to operate within the terms of the

first license or the first frequency authorisation granted to him;

(b) the licensee or frequency authorisation holder failed to comply materially with any of

the provisions of this Act or the terms and conditions of the license or frequency

authorisation; or

(c) the Minister has determined, on recommendation of the Commission, that it is not in

the public interest to renew the license

41. Special licence

(1) The Minister may, on the recommendation of the Commission, grant a special licence

where the Commission determines that an emergency or other exigent circumstances exist for the

grant of a special licence

(2) Application for a special licence is subject to the procedure set out in section 28(3) to (7).

(3) The period of a special licence shall not be greater than 60 days in any single period, but

may be extended for further periods of 60 days each on up to five consecutive occasions.

42. Advance notification to the Commission

(1) The Commission shall determine the notification requirements for certain classes of

telecommunications networks, telecommunications services and associated facilities.

(2) A licensee shall not provide service without a notification referred to in subsection (1).

(3) The condition of notification requirements may be extended to a person that can provide

certain services without a licence.

43. Notifications of contravention and enforcement

(1) If the Executive Director has reasonable grounds to believe that a licensee has

contravened its obligations under the license or the conditions of notification prescribed by the

Commission, the Executive Director shall –

(a) issue an enforcement order to the licensee in the form of a written notice;

(b) specify in the order the grounds for his believe; and

(c) specify the period within which the licensee must remedy the breach;

(2) If the licensee believes that it –

(a) has been complying with the conditions of its license;

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(b) is impossible to comply with any of the conditions of the licence

the licensee shall within 7 days of the receipt of the enforcement order, make a written request to

the Commission for a hearing.

(3) The Commission shall, within 14 days of receiving the request under subsection (2), set a date

for a hearing which shall not be longer than 3 months from the date of the request.

(4) The Commission must consider all the evidence before it and the representations made by the

licensee and may –

(a) affirm the enforcement order; or

(b) withdraw the enforcement order.

(5) A licensee who fails to comply with an enforcement order commits an offence.

44. Register and updates of licences

(1) The Commission shall maintain a register, in both physical form and electronic media, of

all matters required to be registered under this Act and the regulations of licensing activities such

as transfers, surrenders, amendments, suspensions or revocations of a license.

(2) The register shall be accessible to the public during the Commission’s hours of business

and the public may, upon paying the prescribed fee, obtain copies of any part of the register,

except where the disclosure of the information is a potential threat to national security.

45. Interconnection

(1) An interconnection agreement between operators shall be subject to the approval of the

Commission.

(2) An operator shall, if requested in writing by another operator, interconnect its

telecommunications networks with the telecommunications networks of the requesting operator.

(3) An operator shall provide all necessary information and technical specifications to

another operator requesting interconnection with that operator’s telecommunications network

including all proposed changes which may relate to the requested interconnection.

(4) Technical and commercial arrangements for interconnection must be concluded by

written agreement between the relevant operators.

(5) Interconnection shall not be refused if the request is reasonable with regard to an

applicant’s requirements and the operator’s capacity to satisfy them and the reasons, for refusal,

must be explained in detail to the applicant in writing.

(6) Where an agreement cannot be reached between operators, either of them may refer the

matter to the Commission.

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(7) If the Commission is unable to facilitate an interconnection agreement by the parties, the

Commission may impose interconnection conditions on both parties, the terms of which shall, to

the extent possible, be objective, fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory.

(8) The Commission may issue guidelines on the general conditions and pricing principles

governing all interconnection agreements, consistent with the Regulations.

(9) An operator shall apply similar conditions in similar circumstances to other operators

providing similar services to which it is interconnected.

(10) Subject to this Act, an operator or service provider shall ―

(a) provide for the interconnection of the services of other operators, at any technically

feasible point specified by the Commission in accordance with the Regulations; and

(b) not, with respect to its telecommunications network or telecommunications services,

refuse, obstruct or in any way impede, other than for reasonable technical grounds

stated in writing, another operator or service provider from making a direct

interconnection, or an indirect interconnection through the public

telecommunications network or public telecommunications services of other

operators or service providers.

(11) In complying with interconnection obligations under this Act and the Regulations every

operator or service provider shall ─

(a) comply with any guidelines and standards established by the Commission or

prescribed to facilitate interconnection that are set out in the Regulations; and

(b) comply with the Commission’s decisions on dispute references.

(12) The Commission shall make available for public scrutiny at its office the terms and

conditions of interconnection agreements, and shall provide a copy of an interconnection

agreement, other than a portion of it that, in the opinion of the Commission, deals with the

commercial strategy of the parties or confidential matter, to a member of the public on request and

on payment of the prescribed fee.

(13) A dominant provider shall in complying with the conditions under this section for

interconnection ―

(a) disaggregate the portion of its telecommunications network or its

telecommunications service for which it is a dominant provider and on the cost-

oriented basis set out in the Regulations made under this Act;

(b) establish prices for its individual elements and offer the elements at the established

prices to other operators and service providers;

(c) publish, in the manner required by the Regulations, the prices, and the technical,

commercial and other terms and conditions pertaining to its reference offer for

elements of interconnection; and

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(d) permit other service providers to have equal access to telephone numbers, operator

services, directory assistance and directory listings without unreasonable delay, in

accordance with Regulation made under this Act.

(14) Where a dominant provider fails to comply with its obligations under this section, the

Commission may issue an order requiring compliance.

46. Access to facilities

(1) An operator shall provide to other operators, on a timely basis, access to the facilities or

public rights of way that it owns or controls, in accordance with this Act and any regulations made

pursuant to this Act.

(2) Where, in connection with its network, an operator requests the use of a utility

installation of a public utility, it shall use the utility installation in accordance with this section and

the Regulations made under this Act, and, where any public utility requests the use of facilities of

an operator, it shall have the rights of an operator under this section.

(3) Access to facilities and utility installations shall be negotiated between or among

operators and public utilities on a non-discriminatory and equitable basis and, at the request of the

parties, the Commission may assist in negotiating a settlement among them.

(4) An operator or public utility may deny access to a facility or utility installation only

where it demonstrates that there is insufficient capacity in the facility or utility installation, taking

into account its reasonably anticipated requirements, or for reasons of safety, security, reliability

or difficulty of a technical or engineering nature.

(5) The Commission may regulate the rates, terms and conditions for access to any facility

and such rates, terms and conditions shall be reasonable.

(6) The Commission may adopt the necessary procedures to facilitate access under this

section and shall address any complaint made in this regard by an operator.

(7) For the purposes of this section, access to network facilities does not include

interconnection.

47. Creation of Universal Service Fund

(1) The Minister may establish a fund to be known as the Antigua and Barbuda Universal

Service Fund.

(2) The Minister may by regulations make provision for the administration of the Fund.

48. Universal service

(1) The Minister shall, on the advice of the Commission, determine the public

telecommunications services in respect of which the requirements of universal service apply,

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taking into account the needs of the public, affordability of the service and advances in

technologies.

(2) The services referred to in subsection (1) may include a high quality public telephone

service, including a free telephone directory for subscribers, operator assisted information

services, broadband internet service, free emergency telecommunications service and the provision

of services to enable a differently-abled user to make and receive a call.

(3) In accordance with the policy established by the Minister, the Commission shall

periodically determine the manner in which a public telecommunications service is to be provided

and funded in order to meet the requirements of universal service for that service, including the

obligations, if any, of the providers and users of the service.

(4) The Commission may require providers of private telecommunications services, closed

user group services and value added services, as well as the users of those services and of other

telecommunications services, to contribute to the funding of universal service in accordance with

the Regulations made under this Act.

(5) Prior to terminating a public telecommunications service in respect to which the

requirement of universal service applies, a licensee shall obtain written approval from the

Commission.

(6) The Commission shall make a decision whether or not to approve the termination of the

service as soon as is practicable and communicate the decision to the licensee, but if the

Commission has not communicated a decision to the licensee 90 days after the licensee applies for

approval, the termination is deemed to have been approved.

49. Designation of universal service provider

(1) The Commission may designate one or more operators or service providers to provide

Universal Service as provided for in this Act.

(2) The Commission may designate different operators or service providers to provide and

cater for different telecommunications networks or telecommunications services.

(3) The designation process of the universal service provider shall be open, transparent, fair

and non-discriminatory.

(4) The Minister shall determine the conditions for the competitive process in designating a

universal service provider.

50. Financing Universal Service Fund

(1) A licensee shall pay the prescribed contributions to the Universal Service Fund unless the

licensee has been granted a waiver of the payment of such contribution in accordance with

regulations made under this Act.

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(2) The Minister may, on the recommendation of the Commission, suspend or revoke a

licence granted under this Act to a licensee where there is persistent failure on the part of the

licensee to make properly assessed payments to the Universal Service Fund on the due date.

51. Directory and enquiry access

(1) Notwithstanding any law on the protection of personal data and privacy a designated

universal service provider shall ―

(a) ensure the provision of a comprehensive telephone directory and relevant statistical

data, in print and electronic form, which comprises all subscribers of publicly

available telephone services;

(b) update the directory at least every 2 years;

(c) maintain a record to be known as the National Directory Database of all subscribers

of publicly available telephone services in Antigua and Barbuda, including those

with fixed, personal and mobile numbers, who have not refused to be included in that

record; and

(d) allow access to any information contained in the National Directory Database to any

other person in accordance with non-discriminatory terms and conditions, which

terms and conditions shall be approved by the Commission.

(2) The universal service provider shall not discriminate against any licensee who provides

information for use in the National Directory Database.

(3) The form and content of the National Directory Database shall be as prescribed.

52. Specific measures for a differently-abled user

The Commission may impose obligations on a licensee in order to ensure the provision of

universal service to a differently-abled end-user equivalent to that enjoyed by another end-user.

53. Quality of service

(1) A designated universal service provider shall provide the Commission with information

on the quality of the service as stipulated in the licence and any quality of service guidelines

issued by the Commission.

(2) The Commission shall specify the content, form and manner for the provision of

information in order to ensure that an end-user and consumer have access to clear, comprehensive

and comparable information.

(3) The Commission shall review from time to time the full list of quality of service

parameters, which list shall be published and made accessible to the public.

(4) The Commission shall specify in particular, additional service quality rules to assess the

performance of an universal service provider with regards to the provision of services to the

differently-abled end-user and consumer.

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54. Universal service tariffs

(1) The Commission may regulate affordability of tariffs for universal service having regard

to the economic feasibility of such regulation, national consumer prices, consumer income, issues

of transparency and the principle of non-discrimination.

(2) The Commission may impose, change or withdraw measures that may result in the

provision of tariff options or packages by the designated universal service provider to ensure that a

consumer of low income or with a special social need is not prevented from accessing or using the

public telecommunications service.

(3) The Commission shall keep under review universal service tariffs to ensure that a

customer of the designated universal service provider is not required to pay for any service which

is not necessary for the provision of the universal service in question.

PART VI

FREQUENCY LICENCES, SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT AND NUMBERING

55. Requirement for a frequency licence

(1) Subject to subsection (2), a person shall not, without a licence granted by the

Commission —

(a) establish, operate or use a radio communication service;

(b) install, operate or use any radio transmitting equipment; or

(c) establish, operate or use any radio communication service on board any ship, aircraft,

or other vessel in the territorial waters or territorial airspace of Antigua and Barbuda,

other than a ship of war or a military aircraft or satellite registered in Antigua and

Barbuda.

(2) An application for a frequency licence shall be made to the Commission in the prescribed

form and accompanied by the prescribed fee.

(3) An application for a frequency licence shall set out details of ―

(a) the frequency range sought,

(b) the purpose, precise manner and the geographical area in which the applicant

proposes to use the frequency spectrum; and

(c) the type and technical specifications of the equipment that the applicant intends to

use.

(4) Where spectrum is required in respect of a licence that has been applied for under Part V,

the frequency licence application under this section shall be processed as part of the licence

application pursuant to section 28.

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(5) The Commission shall notify the applicant of its determination within 90 days of receipt

of the application.

(6) The Executive Director shall publish in the official Gazette a notice of the frequency

licences issued.

(7) Any spectrum license or frequency licence that is granted by the Commission shall be

made available for public scrutiny in the manner prescribed by the Commission.

(8) A frequency licence shall be consistent with the spectrum plan established pursuant to

section 58 and the regulations and subject to such conditions as may be set out in the licence, shall

confer on the licensee the right ─

(a) to use a certain frequency band; and

(b) to transmit, receive or transmit and receive messages by means of radio

communications or using radio communications devices.

56. Conditions of a frequency licence

(1) Every frequency licence shall —

(a) require the licensee to pay fees annually to the Commission;

(b) require strict adherence to the allotted frequency band;

(c) prohibit the transfer of control of the licensee without the prior written approval of

the Minister;

(d) prohibit the assignment of the licence, without the prior written approval of the

Minister;

(e) prohibit the sale of the spectrum;

(f) stipulate the conditions for the surrender of the spectrum to the Commission;

(g) require the licensee, upon request made by the Minister with responsibility for

national security and subject to any written law, to collaborate with the Ministry with

responsibility for national security; and

(h) require the observance of the regulations made under this Act.

(2) The approval of the Minister required under subsection (1) (c) and (d) shall not be

unreasonably withheld.

(3) Every frequency licence shall contain conditions regarding —

(a) the use of the frequency or frequencies so licensed;

(b) the expiration and renewal of the frequency licence;

(c) the circumstances under which the frequency licence may be amended, e.g., force

majeure, national security, changes in the laws, and implementation of international

obligations;

(d) the type of emission, power and other technical requirements for the radio-

communication service; and

(e) any other matter as may be agreed between the Commission and the licensee.

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(4) A licensee shall ensure that a station or network is operated in a safe manner without

impairing or interfering with the services, station and or network of electronic communication

system.

(5) The Commission may direct a licensee to cease operating the station or the network if the

operation causes interference.

(6) The Commission may, in consultation with the Minister, impose limitations on the use of

particular frequencies if the imposition is considered appropriate, and necessary for bringing

efficiency in the use of frequencies and the services provided by the licensee.

57. Harmful interference and its elimination

(1) A person shall not operate a facility, terminal equipment or other radio communication

equipment in a manner likely to cause harmful interference.

(2) A person who uses any electronic communications equipment or system, which hinders

network interoperability, commits an offence.

(3) An owner, licensee or user of electrical, electronic or radio communication equipment

causing or suspected of causing interference or disturbance to electronic communication

equipment, stations, networks or systems shall permit an authorised officer to inspect the

equipment using the monitoring tools or equipment approved by the Commission in order to

determine whether the interference is in fact caused by the radio communication equipment.

(4) Where the Commission determines that interference or disturbance to electronic

communications equipment, stations, networks or systems is caused by any particular electrical,

electronic or radio communication equipment, it shall by notice in writing, direct the owner,

licensee or user of that electrical, electronic or radio communication equipment, at the expense of

the owner of the equipment, to ―

(a) take appropriate measures to eliminate or reduce the interference or disturbance;

(b) remedy a fault in or the improper operation of the equipment;

(c) modify or alter the equipment installation;

(d) disconnect the equipment;

(e) cease the use of the equipment within 7 days from the date of service of the notice;

or

(f) to use the facility, terminal equipment or other equipment in accordance with the

directions of the Commission.

(5) A person in receipt of a notice shall comply with the notice.

58. Spectrum

(1) The Commission shall regulate the use of the spectrum in order to promote the economic

and orderly utilisation of frequencies for the operation of all means of telecommunications and to

recover the cost incurred in the management of the spectrum.

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(2) The Commission shall, in consultation with the Minister, develop a Radio Spectrum and

Frequency Plan in order to regulate the use of the spectrum.

(3) The Radio Spectrum and Frequency Plan shall be made available to the public in the

manner prescribed by the Commission.

(4) The Radio Spectrum and Frequency Plan shall state how the spectrum shall be used and

the procedures for licensing frequency bands.

(5) The procedures referred to in subsection (4) may include, but is not limited to procedures

for licensing frequency bands —

(a) by auction;

(b) by tender;

(c) at a fixed price; or

(d) based on stated criteria.

59. Allocation of frequency bands

(1) Subject to subsection (2), the Commission may, in accordance with the Radio Spectrum

and Frequency Plan, allocate, assign, or re-allocate or reassign frequency bands.

(2) In the allocation or assignment or re-allocation or reassignment of frequency bands by the

Commission, priority shall be given to the needs of the State in respect of matters of national

security.

60. Exercise of functions

The Commission shall, in exercising the functions under this Part, take into account ―

(a) the objects of this Act;

(b) the impact of the spectrum plan on its existing and future use;

(c) the efficient use of the spectrum;

(d) applicable regional agreements, standards and arrangements;

(e) applicable international standards, the Convention and other agreements; and

(f) other relevant matters having regard to the circumstances of the case.

61. Monitoring

(1) The Commission may operate frequency-monitoring stations for:

(a) ascertaining whether frequency bands are being used in accordance with this Act;

(b) monitoring the use of the spectrum; and

(c) carrying out technical functions necessary for fulfilling the requirements of the Radio

Regulations of the International Telecommunication Union for the time being in

force.

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(2) A frequency monitoring station operated by the Commission is exempt from the

provisions of this Act.

62. Suspension or termination of a frequency licence

(1) Subject to this section, the Minister may, on recommendation of the Commission, in

respect of frequencies assigned for the operation of services to which Part V refers, suspend or

terminate a frequency licence where —

(a) the licensee has failed to comply materially with any of the provisions of this Act,

the regulations or the terms and conditions of the licence; or

(b) the licensee has failed to comply materially with any lawful direction of the Minister

or the Commission.

(2) A frequency licence may be amended by the Minister on recommendation of the

Commission, where force majeure, national security considerations, changes in the laws or the

implementation of international obligations requires amendment to the frequency licence.

(3) Where a frequency licence is amended pursuant to subsection (2), on grounds of national

security, the rights of the licensee to compensation shall not be prejudiced.

(4) The Minister shall, on recommendation of the Commission, and before exercising the

power of suspension or termination conferred by this section —

(a) serve on the licensee, a written notice stating that —

(i) it is considering exercising the power of suspension or termination and setting

out the ground on which it may be exercised; and

(ii) the licensee may within 30 days of the date on which the notice was served,

make written representation to the Minister; and

(b) take into consideration any representation made to the Minister under paragraph (a)

(ii).

(5) A licensee shall continue to operate in accordance with the terms of the frequency licence

until such time as the Minister, as the case may be, makes a determination and in the event that the

period of the frequency licence comes to an end before the determination by the Minister is made,

an interim renewal of the frequency licence on the same terms shall be granted.

(6) Before a frequency licence is amended, the licensee shall be served with a written notice

of the proposed amendment, giving reasons for the amendment and the date on which the

amendment shall take effect.

(7) A decision of the Minister pursuant to this section may be reviewed by the Court.

(8) Upon application by a licensee for the renewal of the first licence issued to the licensee

under this Act, the Minister, in respect of frequencies assigned for the operation of services to

which Part V refers, shall renew that licence for a period equivalent to the period for which the

first licence was granted unless—

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(a) the licensee failed to operate within the terms of the licence;

(b) during the period for which the first licence was granted the licensee engaged in any

conduct amounting to a material contravention of this Act or the regulations; and

(c) the licensee failed to comply materially with any lawful direction of the Minister.

63. Varying conditions of spectrum rights

Subject to this Act, if on the recommendation of the Commission, the Minister is satisfied that it is

necessary or convenient to vary a spectrum right or the conditions of the grant of a spectrum right

to give effect to any assignment, the Minister may vary —

(a) a spectrum right by changing the name of the person to whom the spectrum right was

granted;

(b) any of the conditions of the grant of a spectrum right to include further conditions,

the issue of new spectrum rights or to terminate existing spectrum rights.

64. Management of radio spectrum

For the purposes of ensuring the effective management of frequency spectrum and its optimum

use, the Commission may, subject to Section 63, through spectrum re-farming, withdraw spectrum

where it is satisfied that the spectrum is not utilized optimally or efficiently.

65. Numbering and electronic address

(1) The Commission shall administer, manage and assign numbers for telecommunications

services to licensees on an equitable and a non-discriminatory basis.

(2) In carrying out its functions under this section the Commission shall develop a plan for

the numbering of telecommunications services and may make rules pursuant to that plan regarding

the assignment and reassignment of telephone numbers by licensees to users.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2), the Commission shall ―

(a) take account of relevant international regulations;

(b) ensure that sufficient numbers are available for the current and reasonably

anticipated future needs of licensees;

(c) have regard to the role that numbers can play in conveying useful information to

customers, including information about the type of service being used;

(d) promote efficient use of numbers;

(e) make the numbering plan available to the public as it may determine;

(f) promote fair and open competition;

(g) as far as possible and subject to paragraphs (a) to (e), avoid the imposition of costs

on customers as a result of changes in the numbering system; and

(h) to such extent as may be reasonable and subject to paragraphs (a) to (e), preserve the

numbering system maintained by the existing telecommunications licensees and the

numbering allocations existing immediately before the commencement of this Act.

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66. Withdrawal and cancellation of numbers and electronic address

(1) Subject to subsection (2) the Commission may withdraw an allocated number or

electronic address ―

(a) by consent or where necessary for the transfer of numbers as may be provided for in

the numbering and electronic address plan;

(b) where the person to whom the number was allocated has repeatedly and seriously

contravened the numbering condition and where no other remedy is likely to secure

compliance; and

(c) for the purposes of numbering reorganization.

(2) A withdrawal under subsection (1) shall not unduly discriminate against any particular

licensee and user of the particular numbers or electronic addresses.

67. Number portability

(1) Subject to this Act, the Commission may make rules imposing on any licensee, the

responsibility to offer number portability if the Commission is satisfied on reasonable grounds that

(a) the market conditions and the benefits likely to arise from the requirement to provide

a particular form of number portability outweigh the likely cost of implementing it;

and

(b) the requirement will not impose an unfair burden on any licensee or service provider.

(2) The holder of a licence shall configure its network to facilitate number portability

between similar networks as and when directed by the Commission.

PART VII

TERMINAL EQUIPMENT, STANDARDS AND ACCESS

68. Terminal equipment and type approval

(1) A licensee shall provide the Commission with accurate and adequate technical

specifications of any interface offered by its network before the services provided through such

interface are made publicly available.

(2) A terminal equipment sold or otherwise provided in Antigua and Barbuda may be

connected to a public telecommunications network where the Commission has certified such

terminal equipment as ―

(a) being safe for the user;

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(b) being in compliance with international environmental, health and safety, and

electromagnetic emissions and absorption standards, and other relevant international

standards;

(c) meeting requirements of electromagnetic compatibility;

(d) effectively utilising the electromagnetic spectrum and preventing interference

between satellite and terrestrial-based systems and between terrestrial systems; and

(e) being compatible with the network.

(3) A person shall not import or attempt to import, supply, whether by sale or rent, loan or

gift, and thereafter connect, or allow to remain connected to an electronic communications

network, or put into service any item of terminal equipment which does not comply with the

technical, safety, marking and other specifications issued by the Commission or as prescribed.

(4) The Commission may establish terminal equipment approval standards consistent with

standards approved by the internationally recognized certification bodies including the

International Telecommunication Union, IEEE and ISO.

(5) Terminal equipment certified pursuant to this section shall bear the labels or other

markings set out in the regulations.

(6) The Commission may, in certifying terminal equipment pursuant to subsection (2),

recognise type approvals from other jurisdictions specified in the Regulations.

(7) The Commission may design and maintain a register of approved terminal equipment,

which shall be made accessible to the public.

(8) The Minister may regulate or prohibit the sale or other provision, or the connection, of

any terminal equipment or other device that is provided in Antigua and Barbuda primarily for the

purposes of circumventing, or facilitating the circumvention of, any requirement of this Act.

(9) The Minister may, by regulations, specify the means ―

(a) by which terminal equipment is to be provided and charged to users separately from

the provision of public telecommunications services; and

(b) to facilitate or require users’, as opposed to a licensee’s, ownership of inside wiring

and other facilities specified in the Regulations.

(10) The Commission may register certifying agencies or classes of certifying agencies,

including agencies outside the State, for the purposes of certifying compliance with codes or

standards under this Act.

(11) An approval by a registered certifying agency shall be part of the considerations of the

Commission in its type approval process.

69. Standards

(1) Subject to this Act, a licensee may implement technical standards if the standards

conform to accepted international standards.

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(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Minister may by regulation, adopt or establish

preferred technical standards in the regulations or, where necessary, require that a licensee

conform to a single standard.

70. Standards and certification of technicians

(1) The Commission, acting on the advice and authority of the Bureau of Standards for

Antigua and Barbuda, may make rules prescribing certification standards in relation to ―

(a) customer equipment;

(b) plugs and jacks;

(c) wiring connected to the public network; and

(d) technicians.

(2) A licensee shall comply with the prescribed certification standards.

(3) The Commission may, acting on the advice and authority of the Bureau of Standards for

Antigua and Barbuda establish preferred technical standards that shall be complied with by a

licensee.

(4) The Commission may issue directives and guidelines to a licensee governing the

technicians who provide independent technical services or expertise, as independent contractors.

71. Installation and maintenance of equipment

(1) A person wishing to install and maintain an electronic communications equipment, other

than a consumer equipment, on a telecommunications network shall satisfy the conditions

prescribed by the Commission.

(2) The conditions referred to in subsection (1) may relate to ―

(a) the reasons for the installation;

(b) the environment;

(c) the technical requirements,

(d) any related cost;

(e) the conditions and the reasons for refusal;

(f) the restrictions of transfer of the registration or approval;

(g) penalties for non-compliance of conditions; and

(h) any other requirement considered necessary by the Commission.

(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), the Commission may establish general conditions and

guidelines for laying down all telecommunications cables for purposes of connection to public

telecommunication networks or the provision of telecommunications services.

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PART VIII

ROAD WORKS AND ACCESS TO LAND

72. Road works

(1) In connection with its operation of a public telecommunications network, an operator

may install or maintain a facility in or over a road or public ground, or on the shore and bed of the

sea, or remove the facility from such a place, if these actions are performed in accordance with the

regulations of the Development Control Authority and, for that purpose, may, in accordance with

the Public Utilities Act, the Public Works and Road Act and any other enactment, carry out road

works.

(2) Before carrying out road works for the purposes specified in subsection (1), an operator

shall ―

(a) obtain from the Public Utilities Authority and the Ministries with responsibility for

works, transportation and the environment, plans showing all utility installations that

might be affected;

(b) submit detailed plans of the intended road works to each utility installation owner

likely to be affected by the works;

(c) request and obtain written permission from the Commission and any relevant

Ministry of the Government; and

(d) notify the Commission of any intended road works.

(3) On receiving a notification under subsection (2) (d), the Commission shall notify other

operators or public utilities of the intended road works and inquire whether they have any

intention of undertaking similar road works.

(4) Unless there is an emergency, no road works shall commence until the expiration of 14

days from the date of the receipt of the permission.

(5) An operator need not obtain the permission required by paragraph (2) (c) where the

Commission certifies in writing that the intended road works are necessitated by an emergency.

(6) The removal or alteration of a utility installation shall be undertaken by the affected

utility installation owner, and the operator shall pay the costs associated with the removal or

alteration at the utility owner’s standard rates, which must be cost oriented.

(7) An operator or public utility that has been notified shall not carry out road works in the

area to which the notification relates within 3 months of receiving the notification unless the

operator proves to the satisfaction of the Commission that it is necessary to carry out emergency

works.

(8) A member of the Board, officer of the commission, agent or advisor of the Antigua

Public Utilities Authority, a public utility or a public body shall not use or transmit information

acquired in the course of their duties with respect to providing plans or permissions under this

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section in a way that would not disclose the intentions of an operator and shall treat any such

information as confidential.

(9) Prior to carrying out road works, a licensee shall publish a description of the works in at

least one newspaper in circulation in the area where the road works are to be carried out and shall

otherwise inform affected persons in such manner as the Commission may determine.

73. Access to crown lands.

(1) Subject to subsection (2), an operator may, with the written permission of the Minister

responsible for crown or public lands, enter any crown lands for the purpose of ―

(a) inspecting the land to determine whether the land is suitable for the purposes of that

operator;

(b) installing a facility on the land; and

(c) maintaining any facility situated on the land.

(2) Before entering any crown or public lands for the purposes specified in subsection (1)(a)

and (b) the operator shall, not later than 7 days before the date of the proposed entry, in writing

notify the Minister referred to in subsection (1) of its intention to do so and such notice shall ―

(a) identify the land; and

(b) state the purpose, approximate dates and period for which the entry is required.

74. Access to land or facilities of other operators

(1) Subject to subsection (3), if the requirements of subsection (2) are satisfied, an operator

(hereinafter in this section referred to as the “provider operator”) may permit another operator

(hereinafter in this section referred to as the “requesting operator”) to enter, on a non-

discriminatory basis, any land or facility owned or controlled by the providing operator.

(2) The requirements referred to in subsection (1) are as follows ―

(a) the requesting operator shall, before the proposed date of entry on the land, give

reasonable notice of the purposes for which such entry is required and the

approximate dates and duration of such entry;

(b) the providing operator shall be entitled to reasonable compensation in relation to that

entry, to be determined in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Land

Acquisition Act Cap.233; and

(c) entry on the land shall be carried out or supervised by the providing operator and any

action taken thereon shall be carried out by a certified technician.

(3) The requesting operator shall not be permitted to enter on any land or facility owned or

controlled by the providing operator if such entry ―

(a) would threaten the integrity of the providing operator's network;

(b) is not technically feasible for the providing operator; or

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(c) would prevent the providing operator from fulfilling its reasonably anticipated

requirements for use of the land or facility, including but not limited to, requirements

for permitting entry to other persons with whom the providing operator has

contracted to provide such entry.

75. Installation of network facilities on private land or buildings

(1) An operator may install and maintain network facilities along, on or over land or

buildings and may enter upon land and place and maintain network facilities there and repair or

renew network facilities placed on the land.

(2) Where an operator wishes to install network facilities on private land or buildings it must

first obtain the permission of the landowner and the landowner is entitled to compensation for the

installation, except where the network facilities are used to provide a private telecommunications

service to the landowner or tenant.

(3) In connection with the exercise of its powers under sub-section (1), an operator ―

(a) may lop or trim a tree that, in its opinion, is likely to damage or obstruct its network

facilities;

(b) shall cause as little damage as possible and shall pay full compensation to all persons

for damage sustained by them resulting in the exercise of the powers; and

(c) shall act in accordance with the following rules ―

(i) it shall not place facilities on private land or buildings in a manner that causes

interference with or obstruction of an occupier of lands in the business or

cultivation carried out on the land or building; and

(ii) it shall not place facilities on private land or buildings, or lop or trim any trees

on the land, until it has given at least 14 days’ notice in writing to the owner or

occupier of the land or building of its intention to do so, specifying the work to

be done and notifying the person of the right to give notice of an objection to the

Commission pursuant to subsection (4).

(4) Not later than 14 days after receiving a notice of an operator’s intention to place facilities

on private land or buildings, or to lop or trim trees on land, the owner or occupier of the land may,

if the owner objects to the proposed work, give notice to the Commission in writing.

(5) When the Commission receives a notice under subsection (4), it shall notify the operator

and the operator shall not proceed with the work until authorised by the Commission to do so.

(6) To minimize disruption to landowners, an operator shall, to the extent feasible, provide

other operators with access to its facilities in accordance with section 74 and shall coordinate its

installation or maintenance of facilities on or over private land or buildings.

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76. Enforcement of access

(1) Where an operator is denied permission to enter on any land or the permission for such

entry is unreasonably delayed, the operator may make an application to a court for an order

permitting such entry.

(2) An application under subsection (1) shall —

(a) identify the land to which the application relates;

(b) identify the owner or occupier of such land;

(c) state the means by which entry is to be effected, the purposes and the approximate

dates and the period for which such entry is required;

(d) specify —

(i) the date of any prior notice given to the owner or occupier of the land; and

(ii) the amount of compensation offered to such owner or occupier;

(e) state that all reasonable attempts to seek permission for entry have failed; and in the case

of land owned or controlled by another carrier, state that all reasonable alternatives for entry

on land have been exhausted.

(3) The court may grant an order under this section if it is satisfied that the applicant has

complied with the requirements of sections 73, 74 or 75, as the case may be.

77. Access to lands for inspection and maintenance

(1) In engaging in the inspection of and installation of network facilities, or maintenance of

network facilities, an operator shall take all reasonable steps to act in accordance with good

engineering practice, to protect the environment, to protect the safety of persons and property, and

to ensure that the activity interferes as little as is practicable with the operations of a public utility,

roads and paths, the movement of traffic, and the use of public grounds and other land.

(2) Where, in an exercise of the power conferred by this section, damage is caused to land or

to chattels, the operator shall make good the damage or pay to every person interested in the land

or chattels compensation in respect of the damage.

(3) Where, in consequence of an exercise of that power, a person‘s enjoyment of land or

chattels is disturbed, the operator shall pay to that person compensation in respect of the

disturbance.

78. Damage to installation, repair and restoration

(1) Where an operator in the course of carrying out road works, damages an installation of a

utility, it shall immediately notify the utility owner and make plans to repair the damage to the

utility installation.

(2) The operator shall compensate the utility installation owner for the full cost of repair at

the utility owner’s standard rates, which must be cost oriented.

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(3) An operator shall, as speedily as possible, complete all works on, around and by the roads

and public grounds and restore the road and public grounds, including removing any debris, to the

satisfaction of the Minister with responsibility for work and transportation.

(4) Where an operator fails to comply with subsection (3), it shall be held liable for any

expenditure that the Minister referred to in subsection (3) incurs in such restoration and for any

other loss by any other person.

(5) The liability of the operator under sub-section (4) shall continue for a period of 6 months

or until the Ministry expresses its satisfaction in writing pursuant to sub-section (3).

PART IX

ECONOMIC REGULATION

79. Interpretation of terms used in this Part

(1) In this Part ―

“act or omission” includes ―

(a) any abuse by a licensee independently or with others, of a dominant position which

unfairly excludes or limits competition between the licensee and any other party;

(b) entering into an agreement or engaging in any concerted practice with a party, which

unfairly prevents, restricts or distorts competition; or

(c) effecting anticompetitive changes in the market structure and, in particular,

anticompetitive mergers and acquisitions in the telecommunications sector;

“anti-competitive” refers to ―

(a) any agreement by a licensee;

(b) decisions by associations of licensees; or

(c) concerted practices,

which have as their object or effect, the prevention, restriction of competition in a given

telecommunications network and or telecommunications service;

“concerted practice” means cooperation between licensees which falls short of an agreement

or decision.

(2) References in this Part to the lessening of competition shall, unless the context otherwise

requires, include references to hindering or preventing competition.

80. Promotion of fair competition

The Commission shall, in the performance of its functions and the exercise of its powers under

this Act, promote, develop and enforce fair competition and equality of treatment of licensees in

the public telecommunications market.

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81. Prohibition of unfair competition

A licensee shall not engage in or be part of any activity, which has, or is intended or is likely to

have, the effect of unfairly preventing, restricting or distorting competition in the provision of a

telecommunications service or telecommunications network.

82. Breaching fair competition rules

(1) Where the Commission considers it necessary, it may investigate a licensee who commits

any act or omission in breach of the rules of fair competition.

(2) The Commission shall, if it appears that a breach of competition has been committed,

investigate the act or omission and give notice in writing to the licensee stating —

(a) that the Commission is investigating a possible breach of fair competition;

(b) the reasons for the suspicion of a contravention or breach, including any matter of

fact or law which is relevant to the investigation;

(c) any other information required from the licensee in order to complete the

investigation; and

(d) where appropriate, the steps to be taken in order to remedy the breach.

(3) The licensee may, within 14 days from the date of the notice referred to in subsection (2),

make representation in response to the notice.

(4) A licensee or any other person affected by the contravention or breach of fair competition

may make a representation to the Commission in relation to the contravention or breach.

(5) The Commission shall, after considering any representation of the licensee or other

person, fix a date on which to make a decision on the matter.

(6) The Commission may, upon satisfaction that a licensee is competing unfairly —

(a) order the licensee to stop the unfair competition; and

(b) declare any anticompetitive agreement or contract null and void.

(6) This section shall not affect the right of a licensee or any other person to take any other

action against another licensee under this Act or any other law.

(7) This section shall not limit or affect the obligations of a licensee under any condition of a

licence.

83. Restrictions on investments

(1) Except with the prior permission of the Minister and in consultation with the Commission

(a) a licensee shall not buy or hold shares in any other licensee directly, or indirectly

through any nominee person, or subsidiary or affiliate; and

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(b) a person, other than the licensee, shall not hold shares directly, or indirectly through

any nominee person, subsidiary or affiliate, which is providing telecommunications

networks or telecommunications services;

(2) A licensee who contravenes this section is liable to sell or dispose of the shares failing

which the licence of the licensee whose shares are the subject of the acquisition may be amended,

suspended, withdrawn or revoked by the Minister.

84. Market and decision on dominant power

(1) For the purpose of regulating the telecommunications market and determining the

dominant market power in the market, the Commission shall ―

(a) determine the criteria for relevant markets, such as the retail and wholesale markets

for products and services, and the geographical area;

(b) conduct market analysis on specific markets;

(c) determine the conditions for a dominant provider or dominant market power;

(d) determine or declare that a licensee is a dominant provider;

(e) determine the obligations of the dominant provider; and

(f) amend, from time to time, the obligations of a dominant provider.

(2) The Commission’s determination of a dominant provider shall be based on an assessment

of the competitive conditions within a market and the dominance shall be with respect to a

telecommunications network or a telecommunications service in the concerned market where,

individually or jointly, the concerned licensee enjoys a position of economic strength affording it

the power to behave to an appreciable extent independently of its competitors and users of its

service or network.

(3) In determining the dominant provider in the market, the Commission shall take into

account ―

(a) the relevant market for the particular telecommunications service or

telecommunications network;

(b) technology and market trends;

(c) the market share of the licensee in the relevant market, calculated using economic

and revenue drivers;

(d) the power of the licensee to introduce and sustain a material price adjustment

independently of competitors as well as any barriers to entry;

(e) the degree of differentiation among telecommunications networks and

telecommunications services in the market; and

(f) any other matter that the Commission considers relevant.

(4) Before determining that a licensee is a dominant provider or has lost its dominance, with

respect to a portion of a telecommunications network or telecommunications service, the

Commission shall publish a notice respecting the matter for decision in the Official Gazette and

invite submissions on the matter.

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(5) Where a licensee who is declared to be as a dominant provider by the Commission

pursuant to this Act considers that it has lost its dominance with respect to a portion of its

telecommunications network or telecommunications service in a market, it may apply to the

Commission to be classified as a non-dominant provider in the market and, if the Commission is

satisfied with that consideration, the applicable licence shall be amended to reflect the change.

85. Report on declaring a dominant provider

(1) The Commission shall, at regular intervals, analyze the competitive situation of the

relevant markets and produce and publish a report accordingly, such report shall, among other

things, be the basis for the identification of a telecommunications network provider or

telecommunications service provider that has a dominant market power.

(2) The report referred to in sub-section (1) shall contain and address the following ―

(a) market development;

(b) demand growth and elasticity;

(c) product and service homogeneity;

(d) market and cost structures;

(e) market shares;

(f) technical development and innovation;

(g) supply capacity;

(h) barriers to entry;

(i) competition.

(3) The report referred to in subsection (1) shall be made accessible to the general public by

publication in the Commission’s website and the Official Gazette.

86. Market power obligations

(1) Subject to the contents of the report referred to in section 85 when imposing an obligation

on a dominant provider, the Commission shall take into account the following ―

(a) the appropriateness of access rights;

(b) the feasibility of the access rights;

(c) privacy protection and information security;

(d) competition safeguards;

(e) intellectual property rights;

(f) cross-border services;

(g) compliance with international commitments; and

(h) the quality of the telecommunications services or telecommunications network.

(2) The Commission may use the report to recommend to the Minister, the imposition of

further conditions on the licence of a licensee.

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(3) A significant market power shall be considered and determined in relation to a particular

telecommunications service.

(4) A licensee shall be considered to have a significant market power where it is, alone or

with others, in a position of dominance in the market or the supply of a particular

telecommunications service.

(5) Any market power determination shall take into consideration the position of dominance.

87. Obligations imposed on a dominant provider

The Minister may, as a conditions of the license, require a dominant provider to –

(a) allow access rights by a non-dominant supplier to the dominant provider network on

terms and conditions prescribed by the Minister;

(b) lease out part of a local loop and equipment facilities;

(c) rent out a leased line;

(d) lease out an antenna site and part of a cable duct and the laying of cables over poles

and in ducts;

(e) publish delivery terms and tariff information;

(f) lease out part of a terrestrial mass communications;

(g) organize national and international roaming;

(h) use cost-oriented pricing based on cost calculations;

(i) provide pre-selection for international calls in a mobile telephone network;

(i) use appropriate methodology of cost-accounting;

(j) keep separate accounts on its activities;

(k) interconnect a telecommunications network to another telecommunications network;

or

(l) provide universal service;

(m) provide international cable capacity to other operator or service provider.

88. Tariffs

(1) A licensee shall determine and publish tariffs for the use of its telecommunications

service and telecommunications network.

(2) A copy of each tariff including all related changes made thereto shall be submitted to the

Commission.

(3) The tariffs of a dominant provider must be based on objective criteria and on the costs of

providing the telecommunications network and telecommunications service.

(4) A licensee may set different tariffs for different times of the day.

(5) A tariff shall not discriminate between users but a licensee has the right to introduce ―

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(a) discount schemes for users which are directly related to the user’s volume of traffic

either overall or to specific numbers;

(b) special tariffs for users making little use of the telecommunications services during

hours in which the telecommunications network is not frequently used;

(c) special tariffs for defined disadvantaged groups of users provided that the licensee

must inform the Commission on the existence of such schemes for the benefit of

disadvantaged groups.

(6) A tariff for a dominant provider shall not take effect or be charged without it being first

submitted to the Commission and all such tariffs shall be in an itemized form.

(7) A tariff or any change thereto or a discount scheme for a dominant provider may not

come into effect before a period of 30 days from the date of its publication.

(8) A tariff or discount scheme for a dominant provider shall not contain ―

(a) any discounts which prejudice competitive opportunities to other licensees in any

particular telecommunications market;

(b) any surcharges which can be levied solely because the licensee is a dominant

provider;

(c) any differences for a user or users in different parts of the geographic area covered

by a licensee, unless there are objective reasons that justify such differences and are

approved by the Commission.

89. Tariff control schemes for declared dominant provider

(1) The Commission may impose tariff control schemes for a dominant provider when

necessary and amend its licence in accordance with this Act.

(2) Tariffs for a dominant provider shall be set out in clear and sufficient details and

sufficiently unbundled, such that a user of the telecommunications network and

telecommunications services is not obliged to take or pay for any service that is not required.

(3) A dominant provider must within 14 days of notification of any tariff control scheme,

adjust its tariffs in accordance with the Commission’s approved scheme.

(4) New tariffs shall be submitted to the Commission for verification.

(5) A user who is charged in excess of the amounts allowed by any tariff control scheme

shall receive from the dominant provider an immediate refund of the excess amount or receive

credit on the next telephone bill.

90. Conditions about apparatus supply

(1) Subject to this Act, the Commission shall prohibit any unreasonable constraint within the

ICT market by a licensee including suppliers of electronic equipment and apparatus having

significant market power in an identified equipment and apparatus.

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(2) For the purposes of this section “unreasonable constraints” means the unwarranted

creation of a market situation where the prices of electronic equipment and apparatus are

controlled and dictated by a few dominant providers.

(3) The Minister may impose set on a licensee significant market power conditions requiring

that licensee to, among other things, maintain some degree of separation for its accounting

activities between matters relating to the supply of electronic communications apparatus and other

matters as may be described in the conditions.

(4) The Commission may make rules, prescribing the system of regulatory accounts to be

kept by a dominant service provider in relation to specified services.

91. Filing of Standard Reference Interconnection Offer

(1) A licensee shall provide the Commission details of a standard Reference Interconnection

Offer, which shall be made available to other licensees determined by the Commission.

(2) The Reference Interconnection Offer shall itemize each interconnection facility offered,

and include the associated terms and conditions of the proposed agreement and the tariffs.

(3) All charges for interconnection shall cover the effective cost of using the network and

shall be sufficiently unbundled so that an applicant is not required to take or pay for any facility

not strictly related to the service requested.

(4) A standard Reference Interconnection Offer shall be subject to approval by the

Commission.

(5) A licensee requiring interconnection with a dominant provider may rely solely upon the

Standard Reference Interconnection Offer and related requirements provided that other

telecommunications network facilities and telecommunications services not included in the

Standard Reference Interconnection Offer and may negotiate with the dominant provider on an

individual basis.

(6) A dominant provider may be required by the Commission to modify its standard

Reference Interconnection Offer by taking into account commercial and technological changes.

(7) The Commission may issue an enforcement notice to a dominant provider that fails to

provide a Standard Reference Interconnection Offer.

(8) If the Commission refuses to approve any standard interconnection offer, it shall give a

written notice of the same to the dominant provider together with reasons in writing.

(9) A licensee whose Reference Interconnection Offer is not approved shall have the right to

present its views to the Commission or make adjustments.

(10) The Commission may direct a modification to any interconnection agreement if the

essentials of fair competition and interoperability of electronic telecommunications services

become an issue of concern.

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92. International connectivity and traffic monitoring

The Commission may establish a regulatory framework for the proper management and

monitoring of all international telecommunications traffic for purposes of enforcing quality of

service commitment, prevention of fraud and loss of revenue to the Government.

93. Obligations and anti-competitive conduct and practice

(1) The Commission shall ―

(a) ensure that any differences in charges, terms and conditions offered by a licensee

does not result in distortion of competition;

(b) ensure that a licensee applies the same charges, terms and conditions to their own

subsidiaries or affiliated companies as they offer to other licensees;

(c) ensure that a dominant supplier operates a cost accounting system to enable it to

identify the costs related to interconnection;

(d) ensure that users benefit from the interconnection of telecommunications networks

and the stimulation of a competitive market; and

(e) assist in the resolution of disputes by conciliation between licensees concerning

actual or proposed interconnection agreements, at the request of one or both

licensees.

(2) Every licensee shall —

(a) submit to the Commission the information required by the regulations;

(b) not perform acts that would tend to substantially lessen competition;

(c) not directly or indirectly fix tariffs, purchasing or selling prices (or any other direct

or indirect trading agreement);

(d) not limit or control markets or technical development;

(e) not control the selling of shares or markets or sources of supply;

(f) not apply dissimilar conditions to equivalent transactions with other providers of

telecommunications networks and telecommunications services, hence placing those

providers at a competitive disadvantage;

(g) not include in any agreement additional obligations which have no connection with

the subject matter of such agreements;

(h) not abuse its dominant position in the market;

(i) not engage in predatory pricing that would limit or distort effective competition;

(j) not refuse to negotiate in good faith or delaying negotiations with other

telecommunications service providers in a way that would disadvantage them;

(k) not cross-subsidising unfairly another telecommunications network,

telecommunications service or any non telecommunications related service;

(l) meet standards of quality in accordance with its licence and the Regulations;

(m) develop, implement and publish procedures for responding to user complaints and

disputes related to quality of service, and respond quickly and adequately to such

complaints;

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(n) refrain from impairing or terminating the telecommunications service provided to a

user during a bona fide dispute, without the prior written approval of the

Commission; and

(o) comply with the other obligations set out in this Act and the Regulations.

(3) Any anti-competitive agreement or decision shall be considered void and any concerted

practice deemed to be contrary to the Act shall be terminated.

94. Anti-competitive conduct or abuse of dominant position

Notwithstanding section 93, the Commission shall specify from time to time any other or more

specific types of agreements, decisions, practices or conducts which are considered to be anti-

competitive or an abuse of a dominant position for the purposes of this Act.

95. Action against anti-competitive conduct or practice

(1) A person may submit a complaint to the Commission that a licensee, service provider or

an operator is acting or has acted in an anti-competitive manner.

(2) If it appears to the Commission that an infringement of this Part of this Act is occurring

or has occurred, the Commission shall investigate the complaint in accordance with this Act.

PART X

PROTECTION OF PERSONAL INFORMATION

96. Interpretation of words used in this Part

In this Part ―

“automated calling system” means a system which is capable of ―

(a) automatically initiating a sequence of calls to more than one destination in

accordance with instructions stored in that system; and

(b) transmitting sounds which are not live speech for reception by persons at some or all

of the destinations so called;

“called subscriber” means the subscriber receiving a call by means of the service in question

whose line is the called line, whether or not it is also the connected line;

“emergency call” means a call to the national emergency call number as determined by the

Commission.

97. Security of electronic communications services

(1) Subject to subsection (2), a service provider shall take appropriate technical and

organizational measures to safeguard the security of electronic communications service:

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(2) An operator may take other measures in conjunction with the service provider for the

security of the electronic communications network by which the electronic communications

service is provided.

(3) Where, notwithstanding the taking of measures referred to in subsection (2), there

remains a significant risk to the security of the electronic communications service, the operator

shall inform the subscribers concerned of ―

(a) the nature of that risk;

(b) any appropriate measures that the subscriber may take to safeguard against that risk;

and

(c) the likely costs to the subscriber involved in the taking of such measures.

(4) Measures to be taken shall only be taken to be appropriate if ―

(a) due regard is given to the state of technological developments, and the cost of

implementing it; and

(b) it is proportionate to the risks against which it would safeguard.

(5) Information provided for this purpose shall be provided to the subscriber free of any

charge other than the cost that the subscriber incurred in receiving or collecting the information.

98. Itemized billing and privacy

(1) The Commission shall, when exercising its functions have regard to the need ―

(a) to reconcile the right of a subscriber receiving an itemised bill with the right to

privacy of calling a user and called subscriber;

(b) for sufficient alternative privacy enhancing methods of communications; or

(c) for payments to be available to such a user and subscriber.

(2) At the request of a subscriber, a service provider shall provide that subscriber with a bill

that is not itemised.

99. Prevention of calling line identification – Outgoing call

(1) This section applies to an outgoing call where a facility enabling the presentation of

calling line identification is available.

(2) The service provider shall ―

(a) provide users originating a call by means of that service with a simple means to

prevent presentation of the identity of the calling line on the connected line in

respects of that call;

(b) provide subscribers to the service, in respects of their line and a call originating from

that line, with a simple means of preventing presentation of the identity of that

subscriber’s line on any connected line.

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(3) The measures to be provided under section 97(2) shall be provided free of charge.

100. Prevention of calling line identification – Incoming call

(1) Where a facility enabling the presentation of calling line identification ―

(a) is available, the service provider shall provide the called subscriber with a simple

means to prevent, free of charge for reasonable use of the facility, presentation of the

identity of the calling line on the connected line;

(b) is available prior to the call being established, the service provider shall provide the

called subscriber with a simple means of rejecting an incoming call, where the

presentation of the calling line identification has been prevented by the calling user

or subscriber.

(2) Where a facility enabling the presentation of connected line identification is available, the

service provider shall provide the called subscriber with a simple means to prevent, without

charge, presentation of the identity of the connected line on any calling line.

101. Publication of information for calling line identification

Where a service provider provides network facilities for calling or connected line identification, it

shall provide information to the customers regarding the availability of such network, including

information regarding the options to be made available.

102. Cooperating on calling and connected line identification

A service provider shall comply with any reasonable requests made by another service provider by

means of which network facilities for calling or connected line identification are provided.

103. Tracing of a malicious or nuisance call

(1) A service provider may override anything done to prevent the presentation of the identity

of a calling line where ―

(a) a subscriber has requested the tracing of a malicious or nuisance call received on the

subscriber’s line; and

(b) the service provider is satisfied that such action is necessary and expedient for the

purposes of tracing such a call.

(2) Any term of a contract for the provision of electronic communications services, which

permits such prevention shall have effect subject to the provisions of subsection (1).

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision in this Act, a service provider is permitted to store

and make available to a person with a legitimate interest, data containing the identity of a calling

subscriber which were obtained pursuant to subsection (1).

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104. Emergency Call

In order to facilitate a response to an emergency call ―

(a) a person shall not prevent the presentation on the connected line of the identity of the

calling line; and

(b) any restriction on the processing of location data shall not apply.

105. Termination of automatic call forwarding

(1) Where ―

(a) a call originally directed to another line is being automatically forwarded to a

subscriber’s line as a result of action taken by a third party; and

(b) the subscriber requests his or her service provider (“the subscriber’s provider”) to

stop the forwarding of that call,

the subscriber’s provider shall ensure, free of charge, that the forwarding is stopped without any

avoidable delay.

(2) A service provider shall comply with any reasonable requests made by the subscriber’s

provider to assist in the prevention of the forwarding referred to in subsection (1).

106. Unsolicited goods, services or communications

(1) A person who sends unsolicited commercial communications to a consumer, must

provide the consumer ―

(a) with the option to cancel his or her subscription to the mailing list of that person; and

(b) with the identifying particulars of the source from which that person obtained the

consumer’s personal information, on request of the consumer.

(2) An agreement is concluded where a consumer has failed to respond to an unsolicited

communication.

(3) A person who fails to comply with or contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence.

(4) A person who sends an unsolicited commercial communication to a person who has

advised the sender that such a communication is unwelcome, commits an offence.

107. Unsolicited call for direct marketing purposes

(1) A person shall not use, or instigate the use of, an electronic communications service for

the purposes of making an unsolicited call for direct marketing purposes where ―

(a) the called line is that of a subscriber who has previously notified the caller that such

a call should not for the time being be made on that line; or

(b) the number allocated to a subscriber in respect of the called line is one listed in a

register.

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(2) A person shall not permit his or her line to be used in contravention of subsection (1).

(3) A person shall not be held to have contravened subsection (2) where the number allocated

to the called line has been listed in the register for less than 28 days preceding that on which the

call is made.

(4) Where a subscriber who has caused a number allocated to his or her line to be listed in

the register kept under this Act has notified a caller that he or she does not, for the time being,

object to such a call being made on that line by that caller, such a call may be made by that caller

on that line, notwithstanding that the number allocated to that line is listed in the said register.

(5) Where a subscriber has given a caller notification pursuant to subsection (4) the

subscriber shall be free to withdraw that notification at any time, and where such notification is

withdrawn, the caller shall not make such a call on that line.

108. Use of automated calling systems

(1) A person shall not transmit, or instigate the transmission of, communications comprising

recorded matter for direct marketing purposes by means of an automated calling system except in

the circumstances where the called line is that of a subscriber who has previously notified the

caller that for the time being he or she consents to such communications being sent by, or at the

instigation of the caller on that line.

(2) A subscriber shall not permit his line to be used in contravention of subsection (1).

109. Use of facsimile machines for direct marketing purposes

(1) A person shall not transmit, or instigate the transmission of, unsolicited communications

for direct marketing purposes by means of a facsimile machine where the called line is that of ―

(a) an individual subscriber, except in the circumstances where the individual subscriber

has previously notified the caller that the subscriber consents for the time being to

such communications being sent by, or at the instigation of the caller;

(b) a corporate subscriber, who has previously notified the caller that such

communications should not be sent on that line; or

(c) a subscriber, and the number allocated to that line is listed in the register kept under

this Act.

(2) A subscriber shall not permit his or her line to be used in contravention of subsection (1).

(3) A person shall not be held to have contravened subsection(1)(c) where the number

allocated to the called line has been listed on the register for less than 28 days preceding that on

which the communication is made.

(4) Where a subscriber who has caused a number allocated to his line to be listed in the

register referred to in subsection (1) has notified a caller that the subscriber does not, for the time

being, object to such communications being sent on that line by that caller, such communications

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may be sent by that caller on that line, notwithstanding that the number allocated to that line is

listed in the said register.

(5) Where a subscriber has given a caller notification pursuant to this section in relation to

his or her line ―

(a) the subscriber shall be free to withdraw that notification at any time; and

(b) where such notification is withdrawn, the caller shall not send such communications

on that line.

110. Unsolicited electronic mail for direct marketing

(1) This section applies to the transmission of unsolicited communications by means of

electronic mail to individual subscribers.

(2) Except in the circumstances referred to in subsection (3), a person shall not transmit, or

instigate the transmission of, unsolicited communication for the purposes of direct marketing by

means of electronic mail unless the recipient of the electronic mail has previously notified the

sender that he or she consents for the time being to such communication being sent by, or at the

instigation of, the sender.

(3) A person may send or instigate the sending of electronic mail for the purposes of direct

marketing where ―

(a) that person has obtained the contact details of the recipient of that electronic mail in

the course of the sale or negotiations for the sale of a product or service to that

recipient;

(b) the direct marketing is in respect of that person’s similar products and services only;

and

(c) the recipient has been given a simple means of refusing (free of charge except for the

costs of the transmission of the refusal) the use of his or her contact details for the

purposes of such direct marketing, at the time that the details were initially collected,

and, where he did not initially refuse the use of the details, at the time of each

subsequent communication.

(4) A subscriber shall not permit his or her line to be used in contravention of subsection (2).

111. Use of electronic mail for direct marketing purposes

A person shall not transmit, or instigate the transmission of, a communication for the purposes of

direct marketing by means of electronic mail –

(a) where the identity of the person on whose behalf the communication has been sent

has been disguised or concealed; or

(b) where a valid address to which the recipient of the communication may send a

request that such communication cease has not been provided.

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112. Information for the purposes of direct marketing

(1) Where an electronic communication service is used for the transmission of a

communication for direct marketing purposes the person using, or instigating the use of, the

service shall ensure that the following information is provided with that communication ―

(a) in relation to a communication to which the provisions on automated calling systems

and facsimile machines apply, the particulars mentioned in subsection (2);

(b) in relation to a telephone call, the particulars mentioned in subsection (2)

(2) The particulars referred to in this section include ―

(a) the name of the person; and

(b) the address of the person; or

(c) a telephone number on which the person can be reached free of charge.

PART XI

CONSUMER PROTECTION

113. Principles

(1) Except as provided by this Act, a subscriber or other user of a telecommunications

network or telecommunications service shall not be denied a service provided by a licensee, or

have the service discontinued.

(2) A licensee shall ―

(a) make available all telecommunications networks and telecommunications services as

may reasonably be provided to any person wishing to subscribe to the

telecommunications network or telecommunications services;

(b) ensure that all rates, charges, practices and classifications are just and reasonable;

(c) provide efficient services and comply with the standards for quality as imposed by

the Commission;

(d) notify the Commission and publish by notice in the media when the services are to

be interrupted for the installation, repair or changing of equipment;

(e) establish an efficient mechanism for receiving complaints and repairing failures in

the electronic telecommunications network or telecommunications services;

(f) comply with the provisions of this Act and related regulations, directives and the

terms and conditions of the licence;

(g) comply with the terms and conditions of the General Code established by the

Commission.

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114. Consumer protection

(1) The Commission may establish General Codes for the use or adaptation by all the

telecommunications networks and operators.

(2) The General Code shall be the basis for all the different Consumer Protection Code or

Code of Practice that are used by an operator.

(3) The General Code, shall deal with, among other things ―

(a) the consumer’s and user’s right to a subscriber connection or service;

(b) the deposits required of consumers and users before using the services;

(c) the consumer’s and user’s right to the selection of the service;

(d) the parallel use of subscriber connection;

(e) the right to dialling tone and calling line identification;

(f) the standard contract terms;

(g) tariff information;

(h) review of contracts;

(i) dispute resolution;

(j) disconnection to the service and termination;

(k) standards of terminal equipment;

(l) reasonable restrictions, itemized billing;

(m) conditions relating to changes on numbers; and

(n) any other information or issue that the Commission finds necessary to include in the

General Code.

(4) The Commission shall establish penalties for breach of the directives provided in the

General Code.

115. Right to deposit or security

An operator may require a reasonable deposit or security from a consumer for the payments under

the telecommunications network subscriber connection agreement, but only for special reasons,

including foreseeable insolvency or some other comparable circumstance subject to the terms of

the General Code.

116. Amendments to terms of subscriber contracts

A provider of an electronic communications service may amend the price and other terms of a

contract for a subscriber connection on grounds specified in the contract terms, on the basis of ―

(a) a change in legislation; or

(b) a consequent decision by the Commission,

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except that any such amendment shall be consistent with the specific conditions laid down or

provided in the General Code established by the Commission.

117. Dispute resolution

A licensee shall adopt the dispute resolution procedure under this Act to resolve a dispute

involving a subscriber.

118. Itemized billing

A licensee shall, without charge, provide a bill for the use of its telecommunications network and

or telecommunications service provided that the bill is itemized and shall be specific to ―

(a) network charges;

(b) different categories of calls;

(c) subscriber connection rates;

(d) text messages;

(e) picture messages;

(f) data transfer services; and

(g) any other requirement stipulated in the General Code.

119 Applicability of foreign law and non-exclusion

(1) The protection provided to a subscriber under this Act, applies irrespective of the legal

system applicable to the agreement in question.

(2) Any provision in an agreement between a licensee and a subscriber, which excludes any

rights provided to a subscriber under this Act, is null and void.

PART XII

NATIONAL INTEREST AND SECURITY

120. Interception

Subject to the provisions of any other law, an operator may equip its electronic communications

network and electronic communications service with an interception device to allow and facilitate

the lawful interception of electronic communications and monitoring, but any upgrade of

electronic communications network and or electronic communications service shall be brought to

the notice of any authorised entity that carries out lawful interception.

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121. Privacy and data protection

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, every subscriber and or user’s voice or

communications data carried by means of an electronic communications network and or electronic

communications services shall remain confidential to that subscriber and or user for whom the

voice or data is intended.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Act and of any other law, it is an offence for a person to

intercept a subscriber or user communication unless by an order of the Court.

(3) A person shall not carry or be in possession of an interception device or electronic

communication equipment or terminal equipment that can be used for the interception of

communication without lawful authority.

(4) The interception of communication shall be allowed if ―

(a) the subscriber and or user has given written authorization or consents to the

interception;

(b) the Court has authorised the interception of the communication;

(c) a person to whom subsection(3) refers has reasonable grounds for believing that the

person to whom or by whom the communication is transmitted consents to the

interception;

(d) the communication is stored communication and is acquired in accordance with the

provisions of any other law;

(e) the communication is intercepted as an ordinary incident to the provision of

telecommunications services under this Act;

(f) the interception is of a communication made through a telecommunications network

that is so configured as to render the communication readily accessible to the general

public; or

(g) the interception is of a communication transmitted by a private telecommunications

network and is done by a person who has —

(i) a right to control the operation or use of the private telecommunications

network, or

(ii) the express or implied consent of a person referred to in subparagraph (i).

(h) the communication is one sent by or intended for a person who has consented to the

interception; and

(5) A court convicting a person of an offence under this section may, in addition to any

penalty which it imposes in respect of the offence, order the forfeiture and disposal of any device

used to intercept a communication in the commission of the offence.

(6) For the purposes of this section, a communication shall be taken to be in the course of

transmission by means of a telecommunications network at any time when the network by means

of which the communication is being or has been transmitted is used for storing the

communication in a manner that enables the intended recipient to collect it or otherwise have

access to it.

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(7) The court may order the interception of communication ―

(a) in the interest of national security;

(b) to protect another country's security;

(c) for the prevention, investigation, detection and prosecution of criminal offences; or

(d) to determine whether unlicensed installation and use of an electronic

communications network, or electronic communications terminal equipment, or the

unlicensed provision of an electronic communications service has taken place.

122. Procedure to secure court order for interception

(1) The Minister responsible for national security, the Commissioner of Police, the Director

of the ONDCP or the Commander-in-Chief of the Antigua and Barbuda Defence Force may make

an application to the High Court for an order to authorise the interception of communication.

(2) The application may be made without notice and shall be supported by evidence, which

shall clearly demonstrate the necessity for intercepting the communication.

(3) If the Court makes an order permitting the interception of communication, it may ―

(a) limit the extent of that order to a particular type of interception;

(b) limit the duration or time for the interception of communications;

(c) specify the person who shall carry out the interception of communications;

(d) limit the geographical area within which the interception of communications may

take place.

123. Rights of the State on issues of sovereignty

(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the State has the right to do all such

things it considers necessary relating to the operations of an operator in the interest of the

preservation the national sovereignty.

(2) The Minister, in recognizing the need to comply with national legislation and treaties

ratified by the State, may ―

(a) interrupt or cause to be interrupted, any private communication that appears

dangerous to the national sovereignty, contrary to any existing law, public order or

public morals;

(b) suspend wholly or in part any telecommunications service and or

telecommunications network operations for a specified or undetermined period; and

(c) requisition or cause to be requisitioned any infrastructure.

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124 Supplying information to the Minister or Commission

(1) On the request of the Minister or the Commission, an operator or service provider shall

collect and, notwithstanding business and professional secrecy, supply to the Minister and the

Commission any information sought for the guidance and supervision of activity relating to ICT.

(2) Subject to the general condition of confidentiality, the information referred to in

subsection (1) shall be supplied as soon as practicable, in the form requested by the Minister or the

Commission and without charge.

(3) The obligation to collect and supply information referred to in subsection (1) also applies

to any licensee in possession of information that is essential and significant for electronic

communications.

(4) An operator may request the reasons for the information so required but the Minister or

the Commission is not bound to provide the reasons.

125. Duty of operators in providing network security

(1) A licensed electronic telecommunications network and a service provider shall take all

technical and organizational measures necessary to ensure that the service and associated

electronic communications network are fully secured.

(2) An operator shall inform users about any security risks, which may occur as a result of a

breach of its network security measures, or protocols and the necessary remedies available to

address the breach of network security.

126. Disaster plans

(1) The Commission may, in consultation with any relevant public body, direct an operator

or service provider to develop, a disaster plan for the survivability and recovery of any network

facilities, telecommunications network service, applications service or content applications service

in case of a disaster or force majeure.

(2) An operator or service provider shall have or build the capability to contribute and assist

in any national emergency rescue operations and services that affect the telecommunications

sector.

127. Emergency powers of the Commission

(1) For the purposes of the public interest and safety and in ensuring national security and/or

subscriber data security, the Commission may, during a state of emergency ―

(a) direct an operator to operate a telecommunications network in a specified manner; or

(b) take temporary possession of any telecommunications network within Antigua and

Barbuda, and any facility which may be installed and used in the network, for a

specified period not exceeding 6 months.

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(2) The Minister may on recommendation of the Commission, grant a licence with special

conditions where the Minister determines that an emergency or other exigent circumstance exists,

but the term of such a licence must not exceed 90 days.

PART XIII

ADMINISTRATION AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION

128. Procedures for making decisions

In exercising its functions under this Act, the Minister and the Commission shall observe

reasonable standards of procedural fairness, act in a timely fashion and observe the rules of natural

justice, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, shall ―

(a) prior to making any such decisions, publish the matter for a decision in the Gazette,

as required by this Act or as it deems appropriate;

(b) give to a licensee or other person who is or who is likely to be affected by the

decision an opportunity to make representations to be heard;

(c) give a written statement of reasons for making the decisions; and

(d) provide notification of the decisions in accordance with the regulations.

129. Returns and documentation

(1) The Minister may require a service provider and holder of a frequency licence to make

returns or provide documentation to the Commission for statistical or regulatory purposes.

(2) A service provider or holder of a frequency licence that fails to make a return or provide

documentation to the Commission in accordance with this section commits an offence and is liable

on conviction to a fine of $50,000.

130. Power to require information for enforcement purposes

(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the Commission may serve written

notice under subsection (2) if it appears to the Commission that a service provider or holder of a

frequency licence may be contravening, or may have contravened ―

(a) a condition of its licence; or

(b) this Act or a regulation made pursuant to this Act.

(2) A notice referred to in subsection (1) may be served on any person and may require that

person ―

(a) to produce to the Commission, at a time and place specified in the notice, documents

specified or described in the notice that the person possesses or controls; or

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(b) to provide the Commission, at the time and place and in the form or manner

specified in the notice, the information specified or described in the notice.

(3) A person shall not be required to produce a document or give information under this

section that the person could not be compelled to produce or give as evidence in civil proceedings

in a court.

(4) If a person fails to comply with a notice served under subsection (2), the Court may, on

the application of the Commission, make an order requiring the person to comply with the notice

and may make other orders, whether as to costs or otherwise, that it considers necessary.

(5) A person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with a notice issued under

subsection (2) commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine of $20,000.

131. Duties of an operator with regard to accounts and audit

(1) An operator shall maintain accounting records that ―

(a) are sufficient to record and explain its transactions, including its costs;

(b) will, at any time, enable its financial position to be determined with reasonable

accuracy; and

(c) are sufficient to enable financial statements to be prepared and audited in accordance

with this section.

(2) An operator shall have its accounts audited by an auditor annually.

(3) An operator shall submit to the Commission audited accounts within 6 months of the end

of its financial year unless prior written approval for an extension has been granted by the

Commission.

132. Settlement of disputes

(1) Subject to this section, the Commission may assist licensees to resolve disputes between

them in accordance with this Act.

(2) The parties to a dispute shall fund the process of the dispute resolution in accordance

with this Act and the regulations made under this Act.

(3) The Commission shall resolve disputes ―

(a) where the licensees involved in the dispute agree to submit themselves to the

Commission for the settlement of the dispute; and

(b) the Commission is of the opinion that it would be in the public interest for the

Commission to be involved in the resolution of the dispute.

(4) A dispute referred to the Commission shall be resolved as soon as possible but in any

case no later than 6 months after it is submitted to the Commission.

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(5) The Commission may conduct oral hearings or require the parties to submit written

arguments and shall conduct the hearings in accordance with the procedure set out in the

regulations.

(6) The Commission may ―

(a) make provisional or interim orders or awards relating to a part or all of the matter in

dispute;

(b) dismiss or refrain from hearing or determining a part or all of the matter, if it appears

that the matter or part is trivial or vexatious or that further proceedings are not

desirable in the public interest; and

(c) charge a prescribed fee for its services under this section.

133. Mediation

(1) The Commission may, as a condition of the granting of a license, require licensees to

settle as far as possible all disputes arising between them through mediation.

(2) If either of the parties or their mediator is of the opinion that the mediation is

unsuccessful and that it would no longer be useful to continue the process of mediation, the

dispute shall be submitted to arbitration before recourse to the court.

134. Arbitration

If a dispute is referred to arbitration, the provisions of the Arbitration Act, Cap. 33 with respect to

the conduct of the arbitration shall apply.

PART XIV

INVESTIGATIONS AND PROCEDURES

135. Inspection

(1) For the purpose of performing its function under this Act, the Commission may ―

(a) require an operator or a service provider to submit his telecommunication facility to

a technical audit in order to monitor compliance with the obligations imposed under

this Act;

(b) perform an expansive monitoring and evaluation of all activities of a licensee if there

are special reasons to suspect that the licensee is breaching the provisions of this Act

or regulations or guidelines issued by the Commission;

(c) access the equipment, facilities and other premises of an operator and to obtain for

examination documents that are necessary for its monitoring role while conducting

technical and/or financial inspection; and

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(d) obtain assistance from the police, the customs and other relevant authorities in

discharging its duties under this section.

(2) Any person, who fails to comply with a request made by the Commission, commits an

offence, and is liable on conviction to fine of $100,000.00.

136. Investigation of complaints

(1) The Commission may investigate any matter, within its functions under this Act, which

relates to —

(a) telecommunications networks, telecommunications services or a facility provided or

supplied in Antigua and Barbuda; and

(b) any representation made to the Commission by or on behalf of a person whom the

Commission considers to have an interest in the matter which is the subject of the

investigation.

(2) The Commission may ―

(a) appoint any person or committee of persons appropriately qualified to investigate

into and report to the Commission on any matter pending before the Commission;

and

(b) give to a person or committee appointed under paragraph (a), directions regarding

the procedures for conducting the investigation.

(3) The Commission shall conduct an investigation where the Commission is directed to do

so by the Minister.

137. Report on investigations

(1) A person or committee appointed to carry out an investigation, shall submit a report to

the Commission in a form and manner that the Commission may direct.

(2) Where an investigation is conducted in accordance with the direction of the Minister, the

Commission shall submit a copy of the report to the Minister.

138. Access, search and seizure

(1) Where in the performance of his duties an investigator has reasonable grounds to believe

that any stored data would be relevant for the purposes of an investigation or the prosecution of an

offence, he may apply to a judge in chambers for a warrant to enter any premises to access, search

and seize any stored data reasonably believed to be relevant for the purposes of an investigation or

the prosecution of an offence.

(2) Where application is made under subsection (1), the judge may issue a warrant

authorising the investigator, to use such force as is necessary and reasonable to –

(a) enter on the premises to search and inspect the premises;

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(b) examine, inspect, seize or secure a computer system or any information and any

facility;

(c) search any person on the premises entered if there are reasonable grounds for

believing that the person is in possession of any article, document or record that is

relevant to the investigation;

(d) take extracts from, or make copies of any book, document or record that is on or in

the premises or in the information system and that is relevant to the investigation and

make and retain a copy of such data or information;

(e) inspect the operation of any computer or equipment forming part of an information

system and any associated apparatus or material which the investigator has

reasonable cause to suspect is or has been used in connection with any offence under

this Act;

(f) maintain the integrity of the relevant stored data or information;

(g) render inaccessible or remove the stored data or information from an information and

communication technologies medium; or

(h) require a person –

(i) who or on whose behalf it is reasonably suspected that the computer or

information system is or has been used;

(ii) otherwise involved with the operation of the computer or information system;

to provide the investigator with such reasonable technical and other assistance as the

investigator may require to facilitate the investigation.

(3) A person who refuses to co-operate with or hinders a person conducting a lawful search

and seizure pursuant to this Act commits an offence.

139. Directions to remedy breach

If after an investigation the Commission is satisfied that licensee has breached a condition of a

licence or an obligation under this Act, it may direct the licensee in writing to remedy the breach

or to do such act as the Commission may specify in the direction, in accordance with the specified

procedures.

140. Appointment of inspectors

(1) The Commission may appoint inspectors for the purposes of verifying compliance with

this Act and the decisions of the Commission.

(2) An inspector shall, when exercising powers under this Act, produce the instrument of

appointment and identification when required to do so by any person or authority.

141. Powers of an inspector

(1) Subject to subsection (3), an inspector may —

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(a) enter and inspect at any reasonable time any place owned by or under the control of a

licensee in which the inspector believes on reasonable grounds to be any document,

information or facility relevant to the enforcement of this Act and examine the

document, information or facility or remove it for examination or reproduction;

(b) enter any place in which the inspector believes that there is radio apparatus or

interference-causing apparatus, and examine any radio apparatus, logs, books,

reports, data, records, documents or other information, and remove the information,

document, apparatus or equipment for examination or reproduction;

(c) make reasonable use of any copying equipment or means of communication located

at the place.

(2) The inspector shall sign for any information, document, article, apparatus or equipment

removed by the inspector under this Part and shall leave a copy of the signed record with the

licensee.

(3) Subject to subsection (1), an inspector may enter any premises where by reason of the

exigent circumstances, it would not be practical for the inspector to obtain a warrant.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3), “exigent circumstances” include circumstances in

which it is reasonable to conclude that a delay arising from obtaining a warrant would result in

danger to human life or safety, loss or destruction of evidence.

(5) The owner or person in charge of a place entered by an inspector shall give the inspector

all reasonable assistance to enable the inspector to carry out the inspector’s duties under this Act.

142. Search warrant

(1) Subject to this Act, an inspector may apply to the court for a warrant to enter into any

premises for the purpose of performing the duties conferred upon him under this Act.

(2) Where on an application under subsection (1), the court is satisfied that entry to any

premises is necessary for the purpose of enabling an inspector to carry out his duties under this

Act, the court may issue a warrant authorising the inspector named in the warrant to enter the

premises subject to conditions specified in the warrant.

(3) In executing a warrant issued under this section, an inspector shall not use force unless

accompanied by a police officer, and unless the use of force is specifically authorised in the

warrant.

143. Entry on premises

(1) An employee of the Commission, who has reasonable grounds for suspecting ―

(a) that a telecommunications network or a telecommunications service has been

established, installed, maintained, operated or provided in contravention of this Act

or any regulations made under this Act, or in breach of any licence granted by the

Commission;

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(b) that any electronic communication equipment used is of a type that is not approved

by the Commission; or

(c) that the electronic communication equipment is imported in contravention of any of

the provisions of this Act or Regulations,

may with the assistance of a police officer enter and inspect any place in which the electronic

communication equipment is located or the electronic communication system or service is

established, installed, maintained, operated or provided.

(2) Where a police officer enters any premises in accordance with subsection (1), the officer

may ─

(a) seize any electronic communication system or equipment found therein which

appears to be used for or in connection with electronic communication;

(b) test equipment or other things found in the place which is used or intended to be used

for the purpose of operating a telecommunications network, providing a

telecommunications service or using spectrum;

(c) examine records or other documents relating to the operation of the

telecommunications network, the provision of the telecommunications services or

the use of spectrum;

(d) search for a thing that may afford evidence of contravention of this Act or of the

Regulations, or of a breach of a condition of a licence;

(e) require the owner or person in charge of the place to give all reasonable assistance in

the examination or search; and

(f) seize and take away a relevant thing if it appears that there has been a contravention

of this Act or the Regulations, or a breach of a condition of a licence.

144. Seizure of equipment

(1) Where a police officer or any employee authorised by the Commission has reasonable

grounds for suspecting that an offence has been or is being committed the police officer may seize

any electronic communication system or equipment or any radio-communication system or

equipment, or any other thing used in the commission of the offence.

(2) If there is no prosecution with regard to any equipment or system seized under this

section, the equipment or system shall be forfeited to the Commission unless a claim is made

within 2 months from the date of seizure:

Except that:

(a) any person asserting that he is the owner of the equipment or system may personally

or by his or her authorised agent give written notice to the Commission that he or she

claims the same;

(b) on receipt of the notice, the Commission may direct that the equipment or system be

released or may refer the matter to the court; and

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(c) the court may proceed to examine of the matter and upon examination order that the

equipment or system be forfeited or released.

145. Preservation order

(1) The Commission may cause an investigator to apply to a court for an order for the

expeditious preservation of data that has been stored or processed by means of a computer system

or any other information and communication technologies, where there are reasonable grounds to

believe that such data is vulnerable to loss or modification.

(2) An order made by the court for the expeditious preservation of data shall remain in force

(a) until such time as may reasonably be required for the investigation of an offence;

(b) where prosecution is instituted, until the final determination of the case; or

(c) until such time as the court may determine.

(3) For the purposes of this section, data includes traffic data and subscriber information.

146. Disclosure of preserved data

For the purposes of a criminal investigation or the prosecution of an offence, the Commission may

cause any investigator to apply to a court for an order for the disclosure of ―

(a) all preserved data, irrespective of whether one or more service providers were

involved in the transmission of such data;

(b) sufficient data to identify the service providers and the path through which the data

was transmitted; or

(c) electronic key enabling access to or the interpretation of data.

147. Order compelling the submission of data

(1) Where the disclosure of data is required for the purposes of a criminal investigation or the

prosecution of an offence, the Commission may cause any investigator to apply to a court for an

order compelling ─

(a) any person to submit specified data in that person’s possession or control, which is

stored in a computer system; and

(b) any service provider offering telecommunications services to submit subscriber

information in relation to such services in that service provider’s possession or

control.

(2) Where any material to which an investigation relates consists of data stored in a

computer, disc, cassette, or on microfilm, or preserved by any mechanical or electronic device, the

request shall be deemed to require the person to produce or give access to it in a form in which it

can be taken away and in which it is visible and legible.

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148. Limited use of disclosed data and information

Any data obtained under this Act or the Regulations shall not be used for any purpose other than

that for which the data was originally sought except ―

(a) in accordance with any other law or regulation;

(b) in compliance with an order of a court;

(c) where such data is required for the purpose of preventing, detecting or investigating

offences, apprehending or prosecuting offenders, assessing or collecting tax, duty or

other monies owed or payable to the Government;

(d) for the prevention of injury or other damage to the health of a person or serious loss

of or damage to property; or

(e) in the public interest.

PART XV

OFFENCES

149. Offences and penalties for unlicensed persons

Any person who establishes, installs, maintains, provides or operates a radio communication

station or a telecommunications network or telecommunications service without a licence issued

under this Act, commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $250,000 and in the

case of a continuing offence, to a further fine of $50,000 for each day or part of a day during

which the offence continues after conviction.

150. Interception and disclosure of communication

(1) A licensee or any officer, employee or agent of a licensee who ―

(a) unlawfully intercepts any communication between other persons sent by means of

electronic telecommunications network, telecommunications network service or

system;

(b) unlawfully interferes with, obstructs any radio communication or alters or modifies,

diverts, unlawfully discloses, decodes or attempts to decode a transmitted message or

data, or facilitates any of the activities mentioned under paragraph (a) and (b)

(c) unlawfully discloses any information in relation to a communication of which that

licensee, employee or agent is aware,

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $250,000.

(2) Any person who without lawful excuse, intercepts, makes use of or divulges any

communication except where permitted by the originator of the communication, commits an

offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $100,000.

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(3) For the purpose of subsection (2) where the conviction is a subsequent conviction, the

person shall on conviction be liable to a fine of $250,000.

151. Interception of Government communication

An operator, employee, officer or agent of an operator who intentionally intercepts, disrupts,

denies accessibility to or diverts Government communication commits an offence and is liable on

conviction to a fine of $100,000 or imprisonment for a term of 3 years or both.

152. Sending false distress signals

A person who knowingly sends, transmits or causes to be sent or transmitted any false or

fraudulent distress signal, message, call or radiogram of any kind commits an offence and is liable

on summary conviction ―

(a) in the case where the message or call contains any reference to the presence in any

place or location of a bomb or other thing liable to explode or ignite, to a fine of

$50,000.

(b) in any other case, to a fine of $10,000.

153. Fraudulent retention of messages

A person who —

(a) fraudulently retains or wilfully divulges, makes away with or detains a message or

record of a message which ought to have been delivered to some other person; or

(b) being required by a licensee to deliver up any such message or record of such

message neglects or refuses to do so, commits an offence.

154. Protection of electronic communication installations

(1) A person who ―

(a) prevents or obstructs the transmission or delivery of any message; or

(b) damages, removes or tampers with any installation or plant or any part of it

belonging to an operator,

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $50,000 and on a subsequent

conviction to a fine of $100,000.

(2) In addition to the penalty under sub-section (1), the court may order the person convicted

to make good any damage occasioned.

155. Harmful interference and unlawful access

A person who ―

(a) uses equipment in such a manner as to cause harmful interference;

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(b) obtains, attempts to obtain, or procures another to obtain unlawful access to a

communication transmitted over a telecommunications network;

(c) uses, or attempts to use, the content of a communication, knowing or having reason

to believe that the content was obtained through interception or access in

contravention of this Act;

(d) manufactures or sells a system, equipment, card, plate or other device, or produces,

sells, offers for sale or otherwise provides an account number, mobile identification

number or personal identification number, for the purpose of fraudulent use of or

access to a telecommunications service; or

(e) aids or abets another person to operate a telecommunications network or provides a

telecommunications service contrary to its licence,

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $100,000, and on a subsequent

conviction to a fine of $200,000, and in the case of a continuing offence, to a further fine of

$10,000 for each day that the offence continues after conviction.

156. Offences against personnel of the Commission

A person who ―

(a) wilfully obstructs, hinders, molests or assaults personnel of the Commission engaged

in the exercise of its functions or a power under this Act; or

(b) fails to contribute to the Universal Service Fund,

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $100,000, and on a subsequent

conviction to a fine of $200,000.

157. Refusing to produce information or unlawful destruction

A person who ―

(a) refuses to produce a thing or information required under this Act; or

(b) destroys or alters, or causes to be destroyed or altered, a thing required to be

produced under this Act.

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $50,000 or to imprisonment for a term

of 12 months or to both, and on a subsequent conviction to a fine of $100,000.

158. Offence by body corporate

(1) Where an offence under this Act is committed by a body corporate, a director, employee

or officer of that body corporate who knowingly authorised, permitted or acquiesced in the

commission of the offence also commits the offence and is liable on conviction to the fine of the

amount specified for the offence;

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(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), where a person has violated a provision of this Act or the

Regulations or a licensee, or an operator has breached a condition contained in its licence, or

frequency licence, the Commission may ―

(a) warn the person, licensee or operator;

(b) issue a cease and desist order or other mandatory order;

(c) seek enforcement of the condition or the cease and desist order in a court;

(d) seek to obtain an order to show cause or a mandatory injunction from a court;

(e) recommend that the licence be amended by the Minister in accordance with this Act;

(f) the licence be suspend or revoked by the Minister in accordance with this Act; or

(g) take other action consistent with this Act or the Regulations.

159. Giving false information

A person who knowingly gives false or misleading information to the Commission commits an

offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine of $50,000, in the case of a continuing

offence, to a further fine of $5,000 for each day that the offence continues after conviction.

160. False communications

(1) A person who, by means of a telecommunications service, sends a communication that

the person knows is false or misleading and likely to prejudice the efficiency of a life, safety

service or to endanger the safety of a person, ship, aircraft, vessel or vehicle, commits an offence

and is liable on conviction to a fine of $100,000.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a person is taken to know that a communication is

false or misleading if the person did not take reasonable steps to ensure that it was not false or

misleading.

161. Damage to equipment

A person who ―

(a) recklessly or maliciously damages, removes or destroys a facility; or

(b) recklessly or intentionally interferes with, or causes damage to, or who intentionally

accesses without authorisation, a computer, switch or other facility used in

connection with the operation or provision of a telecommunications network or

telecommunications service, or a telecommunications service operated by the

Antigua and Barbuda Police Force, the Antigua and Barbuda Defence Force or the

Government,

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $100,000, and on a subsequent

conviction to a fine of $200,000 and, in the case of a continuing offence, to a further fine of

$5,000 for each day that the offence continues after conviction.

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162. Recovery of civil debt

A person convicted for damage, removal or destruction of a telecommunications equipment or a

telecommunications facility is liable for all expenses reasonably incurred in repairing, restoring or

replacing the equipment or facility that the person has damaged, removed or destroyed and such

expenses may be recoverable summarily as a civil debt.

163. Confidentiality and disclosure of personal information

(1) A person who intentionally discloses a communication knowing it was obtained in

contravention of this Act or who intentionally uses or discloses personal information in

contravention of this Act commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $50,000.

(2) A person who is or who has been a member, employee, agent or adviser of the

Commission commits an offence if he discloses to another person ―

(a) information concerning the affairs of an individual or business that the person has

acquired in the course of duties or in the exercise of functions under this Act; and

(b) without limiting paragraph (a), information, when designated by a person submitting

information to the Commission, that is in the nature of a trade secret or other

confidential financial, scientific or technical information the disclosure of which

could reasonably be expected to result in material financial loss or gain to any

person.

(3) A person who commits an offence under subsection (2) is liable on conviction to a fine of

$50,000.

(4) It is a defence to a charge under this section that ―

(a) the disclosure was made to the Minister;

(b) the Commission has determined, after considering representations from the person

who communicated the information to the Commission and other persons with a

demonstrable commercial or proprietary interest in the information, that the

disclosure would facilitate the carrying out of its functions, powers or duties under

this Act or any other enactment, or would otherwise be in the public interest;

(c) the disclosure was made with the written consent of the person to whom the

information relates;

(d) the information is otherwise in the public domain;

(e) the information is disclosed is in a summary or in statistics expressed in a manner

that does not enable the identity of the person to whom the information relates to be

determined;

(f) the disclosure was made in connection with the investigation of a civil or criminal

offence or for the purposes of civil or criminal proceedings;

(g) the disclosure was made for the purposes of civil proceedings brought under this Act;

(h) the disclosure was required or permitted by a court; or

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(i) in the case to which subsection (2) applies, the disclosure was made by one such

person to another in the course of carrying out duties under this Act.

164. Penalties for anti-competitive practices

A licensee or any person who engages in any anti-competitive practices in contravention of this

Act is liable to a fine determined by the Commission, but such fine shall not exceed ten per cent

(10%) of the concerned licensee or person’s turnover of all the business operations for the period

of time in which the contravention took place.

165. Unlawful assignment and transfers of licence

(1) A person who assigns or transfers its licence in contravention of this Act commits an

offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine of $10,000 and on a subsequent conviction

to a fine of $50,000.

(2) The Minister may revoke the licence of a person convicted under this section or take any

other action he deems necessary.

166. Unlawful obstruction and refusal to comply with order

(1) A person commits an offence who ―

(a) wilfully delays or obstructs an inspector or a police officer or any other person in the

exercise of powers conferred upon him or her under this Act; or

(b) fails or refuses to comply with any order, direction or enforcement notice lawfully

given to him or her by the Commission,

(2) A person who commits an offence contrary to subsection (1) is liable on summary

conviction –

(a) to a fine of $20,000 or to imprisonment for a term of 12 months or to both such fine

and imprisonment; or

(b) subject to subsection (3), on a subsequent conviction for the same or a similar

offence, to a fine of $50,000

(3) The Minister may, in addition to any other penalty imposed against a person convicted

under subsection (2) (b) ―

(i) impose additional conditions on the licence of the convicted person;

(ii) suspend the licence of the convicted person for a specified period to be

determined in a notice of suspension to be issued by the Commission; or

(iii) revoke the licence of the convicted person.

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167. Violating conflict of interest conditions

An employee of the Commission who owns or acquires an interest in the activities of a licensee

commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine of $20,000 or to, and on a

subsequent conviction to a fine of $50,000.

168. Compromising public safety

A person who uses any electronic communications equipment or systems which compromises

public safety commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine of $50,000, and on a

subsequent conviction to a fine of $100,000 or imprisonment for a term of 3 years or both.

169. Operating without renewing a licence

(1) An operator or service provider that continues to operate a telecommunications network

and or provide a telecommunications service without renewing its licence in accordance with this

Act commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $50,000.

(2) In addition to the above fine, if the operator or service provider continues to provide the

network and or the services even after being notified then it shall be liable to pay an additional

daily fine of $5,000 for every day during which the operator or service provider operates his

business without a renewed licence.

170. Fines after suspension or revocation of licence

An operator or service provider that has had its licence suspended or revoked by the Minister for

failure to pay any periodic or renewal licence fee commits an offence and is liable on conviction to

a fine of $20,000 for each day on which that operator continues to provide an operational network

and/or electronic communications service after notice of suspension or revocation has been served

on it.

171. Failure to notify change of ownership

Notwithstanding any other provision relating to the change of ownership in contravention to this

Act, an operator or holder of frequency licence that fails to notify a change of ownership in

accordance with this Act commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine of

$5,000 and the Minister may revoke the licence.

172. Failure to comply with tariff control scheme

A dominant provider that fails to comply with the tariff controls scheme as provided in this Act or

related Regulations and guidelines, commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of

$50,000 and in the case of a continuing offence to a further fine of $5,000 for each day that the

offence continues after conviction.

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173. Failure to provide a Reference Interconnection Offer

An operator or a dominant provider that fails to provide a Reference Interconnection Offer as

required by this Act, commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $50,000 and in the

case of a continuing offence to a further fine of $5,000 for each day that the offence continues

after conviction.

174. Failure to surrender radio communication licence

If a person ―

(a) fails to surrender or a radio communications licence to the Commission and

continues to operate after the expiration of the licence;

(b) who is a director, employee, or manager of an operator and who owns, leases, rents

or manages a radio station or radio communications terminal equipment without

proper authority,

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $50,000 and in the case of a continuing

offence to a further fine of $5,000 for each day that the offence continues after conviction.

175. Signals threatening security of the State

A person who transmits signals and communications which by their nature ─

(a) threatens or are likely to threaten the security of the Antigua and Barbuda

(b) are contrary to public order or good moral standards; or

(c) is an insult to the religious beliefs of others or an offence to a foreign state,

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $50,000 or to imprisonment for a term

of 2 years or to both.

176. Terminal equipment not in compliance

A person who imports or attempts to import, supplies, (whether by sale or rent, loan or gift),

connects, or allow to remain connected to a telecommunications network, or puts into service any

item of terminal equipment which does not comply with the technical, safety, marking and other

requirements specified by either the Minister or the Commission, commits an offence and is liable

on conviction to a fine of $40,000.

177. General penalty

A person who contravenes or fails to comply with this Act or the Regulations commits an offence

and, except where another penalty is imposed, is liable on conviction to a fine of $100,000, and in

the case of a continuing offence to a further fine of $5,000 for each day that the offence continues

after conviction.

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PART XVI

MISCELLANEOUS

178. Equality of treatment, access and service

(1) An operator shall provide equal opportunity for access to the same type and quality of

telecommunications service to all users at substantially the same rates, limiting variations to

available or appropriate technologies required to serve a specific user.

(2) An operator shall not deny access or service to a user except for non-payment of dues or

for any other just cause.

179. Maximum interconnection rates

(1) Notwithstanding the other provisions of this Act, the Commission may fix the maximum

interconnection rates.

(2) For the purposes of determining the rate referred to in subsection (1) the Commission

shall take into account ―

(a) accessibility and affordability of the telecommunications services in Antigua and

Barbuda; and

(b) equality of treatment and fair competition among the operators.

180. Certain restrictions on radio equipment

Notwithstanding any provision relating to type approval in this Act ―

(a) the importation and distribution of telecommunications equipment shall be in

accordance with guidelines to be issued by the Commission;

(b) the sale or transfer of radio-communication equipment in Antigua and Barbuda shall

be in accordance with the Regulations;

(c) The Regulations shall lay down exceptions relating to certain communication

equipment whose importation and distribution shall not be affected by the

requirements of this section, including but not limited to equipment which is

intended to be used ―

(i) solely for amateur services and which is not available for commercial purposes;

(ii) for aeronautical mobile services; or

(iii) solely to ensure public security or State security or to identify or investigate an

offence.

181. Appeals against decisions

(1) A person who is aggrieved by a decision of the Minister in relation to any of the matters

mentioned in subsections (2) and (3) may appeal to the High Court within 14days of the decision.

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(2) The decisions referred to subsection (1) are as follows:

(a) a decision by the Minister acting on the advice of the Commission in accordance

with the provisions of this Act and relating to matters of directives, approval or any

necessary grant, refusal, amendment, suspension, cancellation or withdrawal of a

licence, and any other related matter;

(b) a decision by the Minister in relation to matters in any regulation made under this

Act.

(3) A person affected by a decision of the Commission or the Minister may appeal against it

to the Court.

(4) The notice of appeal must be sent within the period specified, in relation to the decision

appealed against.

182. Grounds of appeal

(1) A notice of appeal must set out ―

(a) the provision under which the decision appealed against was taken; and

(b) the grounds of appeal.

(2) The grounds of appeal must be set out in sufficient detail to indicate ―

(a) to what extent, if any, the appellant contends that the decision appealed against was

based on an error of fact or was wrong in law or both; and

(b) to what extent, if any, the appellant is appealing against the exercise of a discretion

by the Commission, the Minister or any other person.

183. Decisions of the Court

(1) The Court shall decide the appeal on the merits and by reference to the grounds of appeal

set out in the notice of appeal.

(2) The Court’s decision shall include a decision as to what, if any, is the appropriate action

for the decision-maker to take in relation to the subject matter of the decision under appeal.

(3) The Court may remit the decision under appeal to the decision-maker with such

directions, if any, as the Court considers appropriate for giving effect to its decision.

(4) In this section "the decision-maker" means the Commission or the Minister, according to

who made the decision appealed against.

184. Services provided from outside Antigua and Barbuda

Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, when a telecommunications service is being

provided in Antigua and Barbuda by a person or a facility not located in Antigua and Barbuda, to

the extent that the service affects the provision of, or otherwise compete unfairly with, a licensee

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under this Act, the Minister may, on the advice of the Commission, take appropriate action in the

circumstances.

185. Telecommunications during a state of public emergency

(1) Where a state of public emergency has been declared pursuant to section 20 of the

Antigua and Barbuda Constitution Order 1981, an operator of telecommunications service or

telecommunications systems shall give priority to requests and orders for the transmission of voice

or data that is considered by the Minister as necessary in the interest of national security and

defence.

(2) A service provider may, during a period of emergency, in which a facility or network

facilities are disrupted, use its telecommunications service for emergency telecommunications and

may do so in a manner other than that specified in its licence or the Regulations.

(3) Emergency use permitted under subsection (2) shall be discontinued when normal

telecommunications services are resumed or when the Minister terminates the special use of the

facility or the network facilities.

(4) If the Minister requires a licensee to give priority to telecommunications of the

Government of Antigua and Barbuda, such telecommunications shall have priority over other

telecommunications, consistent with the Convention.

(5) A telecommunications service provider shall develop plans for operating networks

facilities and providing telecommunications services during an emergency as a result of

uncontrollable forces and where there is serious and substantial interruption in the provision of

telecommunications services, and shall cooperate in the development and implementation of such

plans.

(6) In the event of a declaration of war by Antigua and Barbuda, the Minister may assume

direct control of the telecommunications services and issue operating Regulations.

186. Confidentiality obligations

(1) Except as required for a purpose set out in subsection (2) or as authorised by a user, other

operator or other service provider, every operator and every service provider shall maintain the

confidentiality of, and refrain from using or disclosing, any confidential, personal or proprietary

information of the user, or other operator or service provider, originating from ―

(a) the user, operator or service provider; or

(b) any information regarding usage of the service or information received or obtained in

connection with the operation of the telecommunications network or provision of the

telecommunications service.

(2) The purposes referred to in subsection (1) are ―

(a) the operation of a telecommunications network or telecommunications service;

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(b) the requirements of billing and collecting charges;

(c) the protection of the rights or property of the operator or service provider;

(d) the protection of users or other operators or service providers from the fraudulent use

of the telecommunications network or telecommunications service;

(e) compliance with a warrant, court order or order of another government agency; and

(f) the disclosure of lists of subscribers, to the extent that this is necessary for the

publication of directories or another similar purpose specified by the Commission.

187. Preservation of confidentiality

(1) A member of the Board, an officer or employee of the Commission and every person

concerned with the administration of this Act shall treat documents, information to which access

has been obtained or other matters related to the administration of this Act, as secret and

confidential except that disclosures ―

(a) made by the Commission, or any other person, pursuant to the provisions of this Act

or any regulations;

(b) which the Commission considers necessary in the discharge of its functions,

(c) for the prosecution of an offence or pursuant to a Court order;

shall not be deemed inconsistent with any duty imposed under this section.

(2) Subject to subsection (1), a person may request that any proprietary or confidential

documents, information or matters provided or submitted to the Commission be maintained secret

and confidential.

(3) Every member of the Board, officer and employee of the Commission shall be required to

take an oath or affirmation of secrecy in the form approved by the Board.

(4) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on summary

conviction to a fine of $5,000.

188. Exemption from tax

(1) The Commission is exempt from stamp duty, corporation tax, customs duty, motor

vehicle tax and all other taxes, fees, charges, provisions of assessments, levies and imposts on its

income or on assets which it acquires for its own use.

(2) Where —

(a) goods are imported by the Commission for and on behalf of the Commission;

(b) the commercial sale of goods or services is in the opinion of the Commissioner of

Inland Revenue required for the purposes of the Commission, the goods and services

shall be exempt from Antigua and Barbuda Sales Tax (ABST).

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189. Regulations

(1) The Minister may, on the recommendation of the Commission make regulations regarding ―

(a) the management of the Universal Service Fund by the Commission;

(b) telecommunications networks and telecommunications services not requiring a

licence and the conditions under which such services may be provided or such

networks may operate;

(c) licensing conditions to be incorporated into electronic communications and radio

communications licenses including but not limited to the licence fees, fees for

electronic addresses, identifiers or codes, type approvals, matters of clearance etc;

(d) the annual regulatory fee payable by an operator to the Commission;

(e) general conditions and pricing principles in interconnection agreements;

(f) installation of a facility and terminal equipment on public and private property and

restrictions on certain electronic equipment;

(g) content of the Commission’s register of telecommunications activities;

(h) radio communications licence fees including frequency licences;

(i) unlicensed frequency bands;

(j) disputes in respect of the .ag domain name space;

(k) on cyber security;

(l) revising, altering or amending any of the fines or penalties provided by this Act;

(m) rights of way, infrastructure sharing and access to electronic communications

networks and services;

(n) the management of international incoming telecommunications traffic and revenue

collected;

(o) the conditions and assessment procedure under which certificates of compliance for

terminal equipment are issued;

(p) the technical specifications for terminal equipment which is subject to conformity

testing;

(q) the conditions governing connection of terminal equipment to telecommunications

networks;

(r) general authorisations for a ship or aircraft to operate in the territorial waters and air

space of Antigua and Barbuda;

(s) specify certain types of electronic communications equipment as being prohibited for

import, or export, sale, rental, lease, hire, loan, gift or otherwise disposed of, without

the written permission of the Commission;

(t) on critical issues of national importance in the ICT Sector in order to cope with the

changing pace of ICT; and

(u) an alternative mechanism for the resolution of disputes in respect of the .ag domain

name space.

(2) The Regulations made pursuant to subsection (1) shall be made with due regard to

existing international practices and may prescribe ―

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(a) measures to prevent unlawful actions or activities with respect to domain names;

(b) procedures for the resolution of certain types of disputes determined in the

regulations and which relate to a domain name registration;

(c) the role of the Commission in the dispute resolution procedure;

(d) the appointment, role and function of dispute resolution adjudicators;

(e) the procedure and rules which must be followed in adjudicating disputes;

(f) the manner, costs of and time within which a determination must be made;

(g) the implementation of determinations made based on the dispute resolution

procedure;

(h) the limitation of liability of registrars and registries for implementing a

determination;

(i) the enforcement and publication of determinations; and

(j) and any other specific issue for the promotion, access and usage of ICT.

(3) In fixing the annual regulatory fees to be based on a percentage of the turnover from the

activities of an operator, in the regulation the percentage shall not exceed 3% of operator’s annual

turnover.

(4) In fixing the fees for licences, the Minister shall take into consideration the cost of

administering the provisions of this Act, the administration of the licences issued under this Act

and the provision of other services under this Act.

(5) Notwithstanding anything in this section, the Minister may waive a fee or reduce a fee

otherwise payable to a nominal licence fee, in the case of operators serving low-income

communities, underserved areas or implementing development objectives consistent with national

policy where the cost of charging licence fees may be a deterrent to rapid investment or

development.

(6) Where the Minister waives a licence fee or reduces a fee to a nominal licence fee through

a regulation, another operator performing similar services is entitled to benefit from a similar

benefit.

190. Regulations relating to networks and spectrum functions

(1) The Commission shall on the recommendation of the Minister issue to any person a

direction suspending or restricting that person’s entitlement to provide an electronic

communications network or electronic communications service or any associated facility where

the Minister has reasonable grounds to believe that it is necessary to do so in order to protect the

public from any threat to public safety, public health or in the interest of national security.

(2) The installation of any electronic communications infrastructure or terminal equipment

on, over or under any public or private land shall be consistent with the requirement of this Act

and other any relevant law.

(3) An application to install electronic communication infrastructure or terminal equipment

shall be in the prescribed form.

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(4) Applications for rights of way shall be made to the Commission.

(5) A licensee shall share the use of its electronic communications infrastructure including

leased lines on agreed terms and conditions and in accordance with the regulations made under

this Act.

(6) The regulations referred to in subsection (5) shall contain, among other things, provisions

relating to feasibility, cost sharing, risk management, interface, responsibility matrix, registration

of rights of way and infrastructure sharing agreements, compensation for damages to

infrastructure, relocation of infrastructure, procedure and process of dealing with the

implementation cost and any other corresponding duty or requirement.

(7) A licensee shall not discriminate between users when dealing with infrastructure sharing

and all conditions of access to such lines should be observed with transparency and fairness.

(8) For the purposes of this section, access to facilities does not include interconnection.

191. Repeal and savings

(1) The following Acts are repealed ―

(a) The Telecommunications Act 1951, Cap 423;

(b) The Communications (Prevention and Prohibition of Unauthorised Use and Services)

Act 1994, (No. 16 of 1994)

(2) Any subsidiary legislation made under the repealed Acts shall, in so far as it is not

inconsistent with this Act, remain in operation until replaced by subsidiary legislation made under

this Act, and shall be deemed for all purposes to have been made under this Act.

(3) Any registration, act, order, direction, approval or decision done, made or given before

the date of coming into operation of this Act shall be deemed to have been done, made or given

under this Act and shall continue in full force and effect in relation to whom they apply until

amended under this Act or new rules, regulations or other subsidiary legislation are made under it

or until the date of its expiry.

(4) The Commission shall make a determination regarding the listing of all facilities and

services available to a licensee under the licence granted under the Telecommunications Act 1951

Cap 423, for the purposes of ensuring any-to-any connectivity between end users.

(5) Notwithstanding subsection (4), the Commission shall not be required to conduct an

inquiry before making a determination under this provision.

192. Consequential amendments

(1) The sections of the Public Utilities Act, Cap. 359 set out in column 1 of the Schedule are

amended in the manner and to the extent set out in column 2.

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(2) A licensee that has been operating prior to the commencement of this Act shall register

with the Commission within 6 months from the commencement date of this Act and the unexpired

period of the licence held by the licensee shall continue to have effect under this Act until

renewed, and shall be subject to the provisions of this Act.

SCHEDULE

Amendments to the Public Utilities Act Cap. 359

The following are the consequential amendments to the Public Utilities Act, Cap.359

Section Amendment

Section 6 delete the word “exclusive” in line 1 of subsection 6(1); and repeal

subsections 6(2) and (3)

Section 8 delete paragraphs 8(2) (h), (i) and (j).

Section 9 insert at the beginning, “Subject to the provisions of the

Telecommunications Act,”

Section 10A insert the following section after section 10 ―

“10A. Application of Telecommunications Act

The exercise of the powers of the Authority under sections 6 and 8 to 10 are

subject to the provisions of the Telecommunications Act.”

Section 15 insert at the beginning of the section, “Subject to the provisions of the

Telecommunications Act, 2016”.

Section 31 Repeal

Passed by the House of Representatives

on the day of 2016.

Passed by the Senate on the

day of 2016.

Speaker

President

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Clerk to the House of Representative

Clerk to the Senate

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EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

This Bill establishes a legislative framework for the provision of telecommunications services in

Antigua and Barbuda, for the purpose of encouraging and facilitating competition in the sector.

This Bill seeks to liberalise the regulation of the ICT Sector in Antigua and Barbuda.

The goal of liberalisation, generally, is greater customer satisfaction both in respect of the services

being offered and the cost at which such services are offered. The Government proposes to and, in

line with the policies reflected in the Bill, liberalise the telecommunications sector in Antigua and

Barbuda accordingly. By attracting providers of efficient and technologically advanced

telecommunications services to Antigua and Barbuda, the Government hopes to promote broader

business activity and to make the Antigua and Barbuda a regional centre for the new information

economy.

Several interdependent policies, which have been proven around the world, to be essential for a

successful transition to a liberalised and open telecommunications sector, have been a guiding

factor in the preparation of this Bill.

In order to facilitate discussion on the Bill, the major clauses of each Part of the Bill will be

highlighted.

Part I – Preliminary (Clauses 1 – 3)

Part 1 contains preliminary matters including definitions which are essential to proper

understanding of the Bill and the regulatory function of the Commission. The key definitions

relate to particular types of services such as electronic telecommunications services, value added

services and radio communication services; since the Bill provides for regulatory oversight of

different telecommunications service providers.

Part II – National Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (Clauses 4 – 14)

Part 2 establishes the National Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (clause 4) as the

governing body for telecommunications, with the power to oversee and regulate the

telecommunications sector.

Pursuant to clause 5, it is proposed that the Commission shall be managed by a Commission five

members, including consisting of a person and to be than seven members appointed by the

Cabinet, on such terms and conditions as the Cabinet determines. The members of the

Commission shall be drawn from various disciplines, as prescribed. Additionally, the method of

appointment has been chosen as a means of ensuring that the life of the Commission does not end

because appointments terminate at the same time.

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The Commission shall be assisted, in its operations, by a Chief Executive Officer. The CEO shall

be responsible for the management of the general administration of the Commission and

implementation of the decisions of the Commission.

Part III – Functions and Powers of the Commission (Clauses 15 – 20)

The Bill proposes to give the Commission numerous functions and powers (clause 15), amongst

which, the Commission may make recommendations to the Minister on matters such as issue of

licences, classification of telecommunications services, determination of obligations relating to the

provision and funding of universal service and implement and enforce any Regulations that are

made pursuant to the Act.

Part IV – Funding and Finances (Clauses 21 – 23)

This Part contains financial provisions for the administration of the Commission e.g. the source of

funding. The Commission is required to comply with the provisions of the Finance and

Administration Act with regard to borrowing, accounting practices and the in the preparation of its

accounts and annual reports.

Part V - Licences (Clauses 24 – 54)

This Part sets out the requirements for the various types of licences (individual, class, special and

frequency), and would provide for the amendment, suspension and revocation of licences under

certain circumstances. It also would provide for the renewal of licences, generally and

automatically. Part 6 also provides for interconnection between telecommunications service

providers and for access to facilities among suppliers and public utilities and deals with universal

service.

Part VI - Licences, Spectrum Management and Numbering (Clauses 55 – 67)

This Part deals with deals with the management of the spectrum and the creation of a plan for the

management of allocation of frequencies.

The Commission would be empowered under clause 58 to regulate and manage the use of the

spectrum and, to this end, licences issued by the Minister shall be consistent with the spectrum

plan made pursuant to section 58.

Part VII - Terminal Equipment, Standards and Access (Clauses 68 – 71)

Part 8 would provide for technical standards for the installation and maintenance of terminal

equipment.

Part VIII - Road Works and Access to Land (Clauses 72 – 78)

This Part contains provision concerning road works and access to lands (private or public) or

facilities. Clause 98 dealing with damages to installation, repairs and restorations by an operator.

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Part IX - Economic Regulation (Clauses 79 – 95)

This Part proposes to deal with the manner in which potential operators of telecommunications

networks and providers of telecommunications services are authorised to enter the market; and

contains provisions on economic regulations of service providers to ensure fair competition.

Part X - Protection of Personal Information (Clauses 96 – 112)

This Part contains provision for the protection and safeguard of personal information and seeks to

deter the use of information for malicious purposes.

Part XI - Consumer Protection (Clauses 113 – 119)

This Part authorises the Commission to establish General Codes for use or adaptation by licensed

networks and operators, in order protect consumers.

Part XII - National Interest and Security (Clauses 120 – 127)

This Part contains provisions concerning the interception of communication, privacy and data

protection and emergency powers.

Part XIII - Administration and Dispute Resolution (Clauses 128-134)

This Part contains provisions for the resolution and adjudication of disputes and for administrative

matters such as returns and information-gathering required for the Commission to carry out its

functions.

Part XIV - Investigations and Procedures (Clauses 135 – 148)

This Part contains provisions on investigations, the appointment of inspectors, the testing of

equipment and inspection of facilities.

Part XV – Offences (Clause 149 – 177)

Part 16 provides for offences and penalties for contraventions of the Act for which this is the Bill

and the Regulations made under it. The offences and penalties in respect thereof are

comprehensively dealt with in this Part.

Part XVI – Miscellaneous (Clause 178 – 192)

This Part contains a number of miscellaneous and general provisions, (regulation-making,

emergency powers, services provided from outside Antigua and Barbuda, immunity for officials

acting in good faith,) as well as transitional provisions, and consequential amendments and

repeals.

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…………………………………

Hon. Melford Nicholas

Minister of Information,

Broadcasting, Telecommunication

and Information Technology